Wednesday, September 30, 2015

The Most Important Man In The US Government Searching For Extraterrestrials

The Government Man Most Responsible For Finding Aliens

As a kid growing up in Houston, John Culberson wanted to be an astronaut. But he had “flat feet, bad eyes, and I was no math whiz,” as he puts it, and so he went into politics instead.



John Culberson chair of the committee that funds NASA

Now, as a conservative Republican congressman and the chair of the House subcommittee responsible for funding NASA, Culberson is getting a second chance to plot the course of the nation’s space policy. And his fascination with finding life in space could reshape NASA’s priorities.

Culberson has dramatically increased funding for NASA’s mission to Europa, the Jupiter moon that experts believe could support extraterrestrial life. Last week, he passed a budget through the House that funded $140 million for the plan, more than four times what President Obama requested, while cutting funding for other NASA projects, such as satellites studying climate change.

A Tea Partier who seems to have never publicly said a positive word about Obama and who has a deep passion for state’s rights, Culberson is just as excited about planetary physics as the 10th Amendment.

“God’s genius is evident in the perfection of his creation all around us,” Culberson told Fusion this week. “We see it in the solar system, we see it in carbonaceous meteorites, in the spectrographic analysis of asteroids, in the spectrographic analysis of nebulae. It’s just self-evident.”

“I’m absolutely confident that the good Lord has seeded life throughout the universe,” Culberson said. And now, he wants to find that life.

‘One of humanity’s greatest questions’

Europa, which was first discovered by Galileo in 1610, is covered by a global ocean 100 kilometers deep and a thick layer of ice on top of that. It contains two to three times the volume of all the liquid water on Earth—water that is of similar chemical composition to the Earth’s oceans.


Europa's surface

Many scientists believe that Europa is our best shot for finding life off Earth in the (relatively) near future. A mission to the far-off moon was called the second most important large space mission in a 2013 survey of the nation’s top planetary scientists, after a Mars explorer. Europa “offers one of the most promising extraterrestrial habitable environments in our solar system,” the report reads.

“I think we’re going to have strong indications of life beyond Earth within a decade,” Ellen Stofan, NASA’s chief scientist, told the Houston Chronicle last month.

Unlike explorations of Mars, which focus on finding microbial fossils and other hints of past life, the Europa mission would search for “extant life, life that is alive today, potentially living and swimming in that deep ocean below Europa’s ice shell,” Kevin Hand, a scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory who’s been working on the Europa project for the past eight years, told Fusion.

“I would be happy with the discovery even of a single microbe within Europa’s ocean. That would be transformative in terms of our understanding of the science of biology,” Hand said. “But some of my work indicates that the chemicals of Europa’s ocean might be able to support more complex forms of life, so we cannot rule out more complex organisms.”

The mission as it currently stands would send a spacecraft to orbit Jupiter and fly by Europa 45 times, collecting data. It’s scheduled to launch between 2022 and 2024 and take about three to five years to reach its destination. (The European Space Agency is also working on a spaceship to Europa, which is also scheduled to launch in 2022.)

NASA’s flyby would lay the groundwork for a future mission that would include a probe that could land, melt through the planet’s ice, and submerse in the ocean. That would likely let us know for sure whether any lifeforms exist there.

The first study for the Europa mission was conducted in the late 1990s, and since then, there have been a number of incarnations of the project: NASA cancelled an earlier version in 2002 for budgetary reasons, a decision Culberson said was wrong.

Europa



“It’s a very difficult mission by comparison to just about any destination in the solar system,” William Moore, a Hampton University professor in residence at the National Institute of Aerospace, told Fusion. “It’s always a compromise between what we want to do and what we can afford to do.”

This Russian billionaire just promised to spend $100 million to find extraterrestrial life

“This has been a sort of sisyphean path,” Hand said. Now that the mission is proceeding, he said, “we’re very excited—it’s been the focus of my life… and it will help us answer one of humanity’s greatest questions.”

Without Culberson’s efforts, the Europa mission would not have been funded at the level it has been, Hand said. Using his power as chair of the House Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, and Science Appropriations, Culberson wrote statutes forcing NASA to study and fund the mission, investing millions of dollars. The budget he wrote, which passed the full House last week (it still needs to go through the Senate), awarded Europa $140 million during the next fiscal year, far exceeding the $30 million Obama proposed.

Some say Culberson’s obsession with Europa and finding extraterrestrial life is misguided. His budget also cut funding for earth sciences by more than $250 million compared to Obama’s request, a change that would “threaten to set back generations worth of progress in better understanding our changing climate,” NASA chief administrator Charles Bolden wrote in a blog post. The budget directs “an impractical level of funding toward the Jupiter Europa mission,” Shaun Donovan, the head of the Office of Management and Budget, said in a letter.

But Culberson is not convinced.

“This is one of the most extraordinary and meaningful things I can possibly participate in, to answer the question of if we are alone,” he said. “I want it to happen in my lifetime.”

An unconventional champion

Increasing federal government funding for anything might seem out of line for a Tea Partier, especially one who has called himself “genetically incapable of raising taxes.” In many ways, Culberson is as right-wing as they get: He’s called House Republicans an “oppressed minority,” sponsored a bill requiring presidential candidates to prove that they are American citizens, and once compared congressmen shutting down the federal government to passengers fighting the Al Qaeda hijackers on 9/11. “I’m fundamentally a libertarian at heart. I want the government to leave us alone, like all Texans do,” he said.

But Culberson sees no contradiction between his love of small government and his support for increasing space exploration funding. “The federal government is better equipped than any other part of our nation to invest in scientific research and space exploration because…it has the resources and the ability to think long term and multi-generation,” he said.
John Culberson


His advocacy for specific NASA missions and deep knowledge of space flies in the face of the typical portrait of conservative politicians as anti-science, which Culberson says is “utterly and totally false.” “He gets the science, he gets the big picture and the intrigue and he loves rolling up his sleeves and trying to figure out how to get this done,” Hand said of the congressman.

Notably, Culberson’s insistence that politicians should listen to scientists isn’t quite the same when it comes to climate change. While he admits that humans have had an effect on the climate, he believes there’s not enough data on how drastic climate change is—ignoring an overwhelming majority of expert opinions—and opposes cap-and-trade or carbon taxes.

Going forward, Culberson has introduced a bill giving NASA head administrators a six-to-10 year term separate from presidents—just like FBI chiefs—in order to make the organization more strategic in its long-term thinking. He also said he hopes to pass a “space homestead act” that would allow private sector companies to mine asteroids and make a profit, in order to encourage more innovation in the private sector space industry.

Culberson got his first telescope as a Christmas present at age 12, and used it regularly “until the city put a streetlight in front of my house and ruined my night vision.” Big government’s first slight, perhaps. Today, he still uses a telescope he got in high school, watching the stars and dreaming about finding life somewhere out there.

“I derive a great deal of spiritual and emotional satisfaction out of spending a quiet time observing the stars and thinking about, frankly, how absolutely insignificant we are in the scale of the universe,” Culberson said. “We’re barely a particle in a wisp of smoke in the galaxy and the universe—what a privilege to be part of God’s creation.”

Flight Attendant Films UFO From Jet Over Memphis Tennessee

UFO Stops in Mid-Air and Changes Direction

Tuesday, September 29, 2015

Witness Claims To Have Seen UFO With Mayan Markings - United Kingdom

Mysterious flashing UFO with 'Mayan' markings moves across pre-dawn sky

The images show a 'coin-like' object with eerie markings soaring through the atmosphere during the early hours.

UFO spotted by Julie and Anthony Abbott early in the morning
These incredible images clearly show a UFO seen flying through the pre-dawn sky.
In the pictures, a flashing 'coin-like' object with eerie markings is captured as it soared through the atmosphere in the early hours of this morning.
The strange celestial body was spotted by husband and wife Julie and Anthony Abbott at around 5.30am.
Julie, 36, said: "My husband saw it as he took the bins out this morning.
"He shouted for me to come quickly and look.
"He said 'Oh my god can you see that?'

"There was a flashing object moving through the sky.
"It was moving so fast it was really hard to take a picture of it - I took about fifty but most of them didn't come out.
"It just wouldn't stay still.
"But when I zoomed in it had these strange markings - like Mayan runes or crop circles.

"We stood and watched it for an hour.
"It was amazing.
"I've never seen anything like it in my life."
Anthony, 40, has always been keen to spot a UFO - but Julie is more of a sceptic.
However she has no explanation for what she saw in the sky above the couple's Stoke-on-Trent home this morning.
"I know Mars was supposed to be visible last night, but this was in completely the wrong part of the sky.
"My husband has always wanted to see a UFO, but I am a big critic.
"I have been researching all day and I can't work out what it could be.
"He is so excited, but reserved because it could be something explainable.
"I'm not saying it's aliens or anything like that, but I don't know what it is."
Julie says she would love to know if anyone else saw anything similar in the sky last night.
"It can't be a planet.

Monday, September 28, 2015

Water Found On Mars Increases The Chance Of Life

Liquid water exists on Mars, boosting hopes for life there, NASA says


Potentially life-giving water still flows across the ancient surface of Mars from time to time, NASA scientists said Monday in revealing a potential breakthrough in both the search for life beyond Earth and human hopes to one day travel there.
While the discovery doesn't by itself offer evidence of life on Mars, either past or present, it does boost hopes that the harsh landscape still offers some refuge for microbes to cling to existence.
"The existence of liquid water, even if it is super salty briny water, gives the possibility that if there's life on Mars, that we have a way to describe how it might survive," said John Grunsfeld, associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA.
NASA researchers using an imager aboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter confirmed the watery flows by looking at light waves returned from seasonal dark streaks on the surface, long suspected to be associated with liquid water.
The investigation showed the streaks absorb light at specific wavelengths associated with chemicals known to pull water from the Martian atmosphere in a process known as deliquescence, said Georgia Tech doctoral student Lujendra Ojha, who first discovered the streaks while still an undergraduate student at the University of Arizona in 2011.
The chemicals allow the water to remain liquid at lower temperatures but also help keep it from boiling off in the thin atmosphere of Mars, the researchers said.
It remains unclear where the water comes from. Theories include deliquescence, melting subsurface ice or even a liquid-water aquifer that feeds the process. Discovering what precisely is causing the phenomenon is a mystery for the next round of investigations, said Michael Meyer, lead scientist for NASA's Mars Exploration Program.



The researchers' findings are in a new paper being presented this week at the European Planetary Science Congress in France.
This is not the first discovery of water on Mars.
Researchers have known for many years that Mars has water frozen at its poles, in its thin atmosphere, and, most recently, in tiny puddles that appear to form at night on the surface.
Nor is it the first potential clue that Mars could have once -- or may still -- host life. The Mars Curiosity rover, for instance, has detected methane on the surface of Mars, as well as other chemical signatures suggesting the possibility of past or present life.
It remains to be seen whether the new discovery improves the odds of life on Mars, but researcher Mary Beth Wilhelm said the results suggest "more habitable conditions on the near surface of Mars than previously thought."
How habitable, she said, depends on how salty and how cold the conditions are.
But Alfred McEwen, who heads up NASA's HiRISE high-resolution camera aboard the Mars orbiter, said he's fairly confident life will one day be found on Mars.
"It's very likely, I think, that there's life somewhere in the crust of Mars, microbes," he said.
Jim Green, director of planetary science at NASA, said the discovery announced Monday puts NASA in a perfect position to look for that life.
"We haven't been able to answer the question, 'Does life exist beyond Earth?' " Green said. "But following the water is a critical element of that. We now have, I think, a great opportunity to be in the right locations on Mars to thoroughly investigate that."

Do Dolphins Have Collective Consciousness?

Are dolphins psychic? Their complex social intelligence suggests the animals may share a 'collective consciousness'


The paralimbic area of the dolphin's brain, which regulates emotions as it does in humans, has evolved an extra lobe. A new book discusses how this may give the animals an unprecedented level of social intelligence, and even a 'collective consciousness'. Fungie the Dingle dolphin that lives in the Irish bay is pictured. 
  • Dolphin intelligence is a feature in Susan Casey's book Voices in the Ocean
  • The mammals behave in a way that suggests a 'collective consciousness'
  • Their limbic system, involved with controlling emotions, is larger than ours 
  • Dolphins have been known to 'sense' when swimmers have become stranded and gone to their rescue, even if they are miles away  

Dolphins have long been considered to be intelligent, but scientists are only now starting to unravel the true complexity of their brains and behaviour.

In many ways they behave like humans - they form social groups and cliques, they have previously been taught to recognise 'alphabets' of symbols and many have even attempted to befriend us.

Now, a book discusses how this high level of intelligence could stem from the mammals having what's known as a collective consciousness, with the author claiming they 'may know something that we don't'.

The points are raised in Susan Casey's book 'Voices in the Ocean'.

Ms Casey wrote the book after she encountered a pod of spinner dolphins.

She admitted that this first experience made her want to explore the 'strange, enduring, occasionally tragic, and often wonderful relationship between humans and dolphins' and set off to learn more about the creatures.



Dolphins and the 'collective mind' 

Over the past 50 million years the brains of dolphins have evolved and expanded dramatically in size. 
At the same time, their bodies have shrunk, their teeth have become smaller and they have developed high-frequency hearing.  
The limbic system in a dolphin's brain is responsible for the emotions in the same way as it is in human brains.
While most vertebrates evolved this region early and kept it pretty much intact, the system in the brains of dolphins developed further. 

Dolphins form cliques, can recognise themselves in a mirror, empathise, fear and love - just like humans. And these similarities have been used to explain why dolphins are so keen to befriend humans in Susan Casey's book Voices in the Ocean: A Journey into the Wild and Haunting World of Dolphins
Odours, for example, are indistinguishable underwater so the hippocampus of dolphins - a region linked to their olfactory sense - diminished, Ms Casey explained.
'Meanwhile, their paralimbic area grew huge, so densely jammed with neurons that it blurped out an extra lobe,' she said.

COLLECTIVE CONSCIOUSNESS AND TELEPATHY IN ANIMALS

The unique evolution of the dolphin brain suggests the animals are doing something very sophisticated or complex while they're processing emotions.
Their brains may even have adapted for a type of unprecedented connectivity.
The idea of a dolphin collective soul was proposed in the 1980s by paleoneurologist Harry Jerison, referred to 'the communal self.'
However, 'collective consciousness' in other animals has been discussed for a century.
The idea was first presented by French sociologist Émile Durkheim in 1893 and is often referred to as a group having a 'shared mind' or 'hive mind'.
Yet in the 1970s, scientists began to suggest this collective consciousness could be developed and spread through species non-explicitly, through telepathic means.
Monkeys in Japan, for example, adopted and developed certain identical behaviours without ever coming into contact with one another.
Blue tits in Europe exhibited similar so-called telepathic behaviours, suggesting they were sharing ideas. 
Ms Casey's book explained: 'In fact, dolphins are so tightly bound to their pods that they may be operating with a degree of interconnectedness far deeper than our own.'
'There's a jubilee of tissue packed into this area, an exuberance of grey matter that scientists believe relates to all things feeling - and no other mammal has anything quite like it.'
During an interview with neuroscientist Lori Marino, Ms Casey asked whether the animals' nature was the reason why dolphins have such large brains. 
Ms Marino said this unique evolution suggests the animals are 'doing something very sophisticated or complex while they're processing emotions' and their brains may have adapted for a type of connectivity unprecedented in the animals kingdom.
Ms Marino calls this a 'collective soul'. 
'When you look at their brain you can definitely see how this could be an animal that takes sociality to another level,' Ms Marino told Ms Casey. 
She used the example that dolphins and whales strand en masse when only one or two individuals are sick and when they're herded together they huddle in a group rather than jumping nets.
'There is some sort of cohesiveness in them that I don't think we get quite yet, but it accounts for a lot of the behaviour that seems strange to us,' she continued. 
'I think a lot of it comes down to emotional attachment.
'And I think there is a very strong sense in them that if something happens to the group, it happens to you.'
The possibility of a dolphin collective soul was first proposed in the 1980s by paleoneurologist Harry Jerison. He referred to this as as 'the communal self.' 
However, 'collective consciousness' in other animals has been discussed for more than a century. 
The idea was first presented by French sociologist Émile Durkheim in 1893, but his definition related more to a shared understanding of certain morals and social norms based on people either imitating others, explicitly passing on these behaviours to one another, or agreeing certain ideals in order to feel accepted.


Neuroscientist Lori Marino explained in the book that the dolphin's unique evolution suggests they are 'doing something very sophisticated or complex while they're processing emotions' and their brains may have adapted for a type of connectivity unprecedented in the animals kingdom

Tales of dolphins befriending humans  are said to date back as far as AD 77 when Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder recounted a story about a dolphin who formed a bond with a boy who fed him bread. Aristotle even wrote offhandedly about the dolphins' 'passionate attachment to boys' 
It is often referred to as a group having a 'shared mind' or 'hive mind'.
Yet in the 1970s, scientists began to suggest that this collective consciousness could be developed and spread through species non-explicitly, through telepathic or 'supernatural' means.
Monkeys in Japan, for example, were shown to have adopted and developed certain identical behaviours without ever coming into contact with one another.

FUNGIE THE DINGLE DOLPHIN 

Dolphins form cliques, can recognise themselves in a mirror, empathise, fear and love - just like humans. 
And these similarities have been used to explain why dolphins are so keen to befriend humans.  
Tales of dolphins befriending humans are said to date back as far as AD 77 when Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder recounted a story about a dolphin who formed a bond with a boy who fed him bread.
Aristotle even wrote offhandedly about the dolphins' 'passionate attachment to boys'.
In Ms Casey's book, she refers to one dolphin in particular called Fungie, the Dingle dolphin. 
According to local legend, the bottlenose dolphin has been swimming in Dingle bay, Ireland since October 1983. 
Despite the dangers the bay present Fungie, including heavy boat traffic and fishing trawlers, sightings are reported almost every day. 
He is always seen alone, however, suggesting he is not part of a pod like other dolphins.
Dolphins have also even been known to bring fish and other 'gifts' to humans which feed them, particularly at the Tangalooma Island Resort in Australia. 
Ms Casey explained this behaviour may be a sign that dolphins behave towards humans the same way they do towards one another.
Blue tits in Europe exhibited similar so-called telepathic behaviours, suggesting they were sharing ideas. 
Ms Marino continued: 'In fact, dolphins are so tightly bound to their pods that they may be operating with a degree of interconnectedness far deeper than our own.'

Befriending humans: The social needs of dolphins
The dolphin's behaviour, on the other hand, may not be a sign of a collective mind, or telepathy, but instead a much higher state of social intelligence compared to other animals, namely humans. 
'In any group of dolphins you’ll find cliques and posses, duos and trios and quartets, mothers and babies and spinster aunts, frisky bands of horny teenage males, wily hunters, burly bouncers, sage elders - and their associations are anything but random,' Ms Casey said in her book.
'They’re also highly social chatterboxes who recognise themselves in the mirror, giggle, feel despondent, stroke each other, adorn themselves, use tools, introduce themselves, rescue one another from dangerous situations, form alliances, throw tantrums, gossip, scheme, empathise, seduce, grieve, comfort, anticipate, fear, and love - just like us.'
These similarities may explain why dolphins are so keen to befriend humans.  
Tales of dolphins befriending humans are said to date back as far as AD 77 when Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder recounted a story about a dolphin who formed a bond with a boy who fed him bread.
Aristotle even wrote offhandedly about the dolphins' 'passionate attachment to boys'.
As Ms Casey described in her book: 'When you consider how risky it is for dolphins to spend time in close proximity to people, it is all the more intriguing that so many human-dolphin stories have similar themes: dolphin seeks out man, dolphin wants to play with man, dolphin assists man, dolphin rescues man.' 

Ms Casey explained dolphins may behave towards humans the same way they do towards one another. 'In other words, dolphins do not always differentiate between us and them' she said. Dolphins have even been known to bring fish and other 'gifts' to humans which feed them.
She refers to one dolphin in particular called Fungie, the Dingle dolphin. 
According to local legend, the bottlenose dolphin has been swimming in Dingle bay, Ireland since October 1983. 
Despite the dangers of the bay, including heavy boat traffic and fishing trawlers, people claim to have spotted Fungie almost every day.

JOHN LILLY: THE MAN WHO MADE DOLPHINS THE 'SMARTEST ANIMALS'

The idea that dolphins have superior intelligence was made popular in the 1950s by neuroscientist John Lilly.
He attached electrodes to the brains of living dolphins to stimulate neurons and observed that a dolphin that was about to be brutally killed made loud noises, which he interpreted as attempts to communicate with its tormenters.
After further experiments Dr Lilly became convinced dolphins had a human-like faculty of speech and attempted to establish contact with the marine mammals.
Dr Lilly became somewhat obsessed with the intelligent dolphin theory, administering LSD to himself and dolphins in the hopes of stimulating conversation and moving to the American West Coast, where he wrote books in which he combined New Age ideology with his dolphin research.
Dr Lilly said the animals were 'more intelligent than any man or woman' and attributed them philosophy, ethics and an 'ancient vocal history'.
He is always seen alone, however, suggesting he is not part of a pod like other dolphins.
Ms Casey explained this behaviour may be a sign that dolphins behave towards humans the same way they do towards one another.
'In other words, dolphins do not always differentiate between us and them. 
'Maybe that was why Fungie had made his home among the residents of Dingle,' she said. 
'To him, perhaps, they were just a slightly peculiar-looking pod.'
Dolphins have even been known to bring fish and other 'gifts' to humans which feed them, particularly at the Tangalooma Island Resort in Australia.  
Dolphins: Lifesavers of the sea 
Whether it's a social need for the dolphins to connect with a species it sees similarities in, or a strong desire to interact with any species, the creatures have a reputation for being keen lifesavers.
Ms Casey's book features a number of anecdotes of dolphins breaking away from boats to encircle and rescue the bodies of people who had attempted suicide or become stranded at sea, sometimes miles away from where the dolphins were.  
One example, quoted from the book 'Beautiful Minds' by biologist Maddalena Bearzi, recalls a story in which dolphins supposedly beckoned a group of divers out to sea and away from the coastline of Thailand on the day the tsunami hit in 2004.
The divers were unaware of the dangers on the shore and claim the dolphins effectively saved their lives by keeping them out at sea. 
If they do have a collective consciousness, with or without telepathic abilities, the animals may have been able to 'sense' that someone was in danger. 
And if theories about the animals not being able to differentiate between humans and themselves are true, they may have responded to a lone human in the same way they would a lone dolphin that had been separated from its pod.  


Ms Casey's book features anecdotes of dolphins breaking away from boats to encircle and rescue the bodies of people who had attempted suicide or become stranded at sea, sometimes miles away from where they were. If they do have a 'collective mind' the animals may have been able to 'sense' someone was in danger
Are dolphins really that smart?
Not all scientists are in agreement with Ms Casey, however.  
A study from neuroethologist Paul Manger of the University of Witwatersrand in South Africa claimed that behavioural studies involving dolphins are flawed and therefore not very informative.
'We put them on a pedestal for no reason and projected a lot of our desires and wishes on them,' said Professor Manger. 'The idea of the exceptionally intelligent dolphin is a myth.'
Whereas goldfish placed in a bowl try to jump out to freedom, dolphins rarely try to escape when they are caught in nets.

'DOLPHINS ARE NO SMARTER THAN GOLDFISH', CLAIMS EXPERT

A recent study from neuroethologist Paul Manger of the University of Witwatersrand in South Africa claimed that behavioural studies involving dolphins are flawed and therefore not very informative. 
'We put them on a pedestal for no reason and projected a lot of our desires and wishes on them,' said Professor Manger. 'The idea of the exceptionally intelligent dolphin is a myth.'
Whereas goldfish placed in a bowl try to jump out to freedom, dolphins rarely try to escape when they are caught in nets.
While zoologists have observed that dolphins can distinguish between the concepts 'many' and 'few', he suggested the same ability has also been demonstrated in yellow mealworms. 
While zoologists have observed that dolphins can distinguish between the concepts 'many' and 'few', he suggested the same ability has also been demonstrated in yellow mealworms.
He continued that evidence which shows dolphins have learnt sophisticated 'tool use' is 'flimsy' because it is based on the fact bottlenose dolphins on Australia's west coast have learnt to hold sponges in their snouts to help them find food on the ocean floor.
'Exactly what the dolphins do with the sponges remains unknown,' he said.
While researchers have been able to teach bottlenosed dolphins to recognise an 'alphabet' of as many as 40 symbols, Professor Manger pointed out that African grey parrots and California sealions have also managed the same feat. 
And while much has been made of the dolphin's ability to identify itself with a 'signature whistle', experts now say this is not a complex language, and say it is no more unusual than the tail-wagging dances of bees or 'signature' accoustic signals made by other marine animals. 
At the time of the report, Karsten Brensing, a marine biologist with the organisation Whale and Dolphin Conservation (WDC), said: 'To put it bluntly, most of that is bullshit.
'You can use similar arguments to prove that people aren't intelligent.' 
'One of the great marine scientists, Ken Norris, described dolphins as "the most mysterious of fauna on the planet" in the 1960s,' Ms Casey told MailOnline. 
'Since then we’ve learned much about these animals: we’ve examined their formidable brains, we’ve charted their amazing evolution, we’ve tested their cognition in every way we can think of, we’ve observed them in the wild. 
'We know that dolphins are self-aware, that they have distinct and stable personalities, that they call themselves by name. So that makes our relationship more informed, but at the same time we’ve learned all these impressive facts about dolphins, we’re making their lives increasingly hard. 
Dolphins contend with many threats [and] my hope is we can take all our knowledge about them and distill it into wisdom.'
Voices in the Ocean: A Journey into the Wild and Haunting World of Dolphins by Susan Casey is published by Oneworld



Sunday, September 27, 2015

Brothers Witness Boomerang UFO Up Close Over Minnesota

Brothers Witness Arrowhead Shaped UFO

Artist likeness
A Minnesota witness at Rochester reported watching a “large, black, arrowhead-shaped craft” hovering silently about 2 p.m. on September 21, 2015, according to testimony in Case 70714 from the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) witness reporting database

The reporting witness and his brother were driving in southeast Rochester along a hill when the object was first observed.

“I happened to look off to my left side and saw a huge black, arrowhead-shaped craft,” the witness stated. “My brother saw it at the same moment.”
The witness described the object.
“It was larger than a commercial jet. It was hovering and not making any noise.”
The witness is certain others should have seen the object. It was a totally clear day and I would not be surprised to see others report on it. It was just there in the sky and so easy to see. If you looked up there is no way you could miss it.”

The witness was unable to pull over for a better look.

“I could not pull over as I had traffic behind me. After looking at it for about 10 seconds, trees started to obstruct my view. By the time I got back in the clear it was gone. The time I lost sight of it was about a minute.”
The witness got a good look at the object.
“The craft was flat black and did not reflect the sun at all. On the top going down the side were large ridges that were evenly spaced out. From my angle to it I saw the back left side. At first I thought it was a triangle shape, but it was slightly angled so I could see the back was cut out. I suppose you could say it was boomerang but it was much thicker and more arrowhead. It was stationary and did not move at all. It was so crystal clear of a sighting that I am still in awe. I did not see how the craft left.”
Minnesota MUFON Field Investigator Susan Birttnen investigated and closed the case as an Unknown.

Saturday, September 26, 2015

Rare Blood Red Supermoom Eclipse Set For Sunday - America & Europe Will Have Good Seats

Rare Supermoon Lunar Eclipse


Eastern daylight time USA

As with all lunar eclipses, the region of visibility for Sunday's blood-moon lunar eclipse will encompass more than half of our planet. Nearly 1 billion people in the Western Hemisphere, nearly 1.5 billion throughout much of Europe and Africa and perhaps another 500 million in western Asia will be able to watch as the Harvest Full Moon becomes a shadow of its former self and morphs into a glowing coppery ball. 
The lunar eclipse will also feature the "biggest" full moon (in apparent size) of 2015, since the moon will also be at perigee on the very same day ─ its closest point to the Earth ─ 221,753 miles (356,877 km) away. [Visibility Maps for the Supermoon Lunar Eclipse (Gallery)]. The Sept. 27 event is therefore being called a "supermoon eclipse." The last such eclipse happened in 1982, and the next won't occur until 2033.




Almost everyone in the Americas and Western Europe will have a beautiful view of this eclipse. The moon will be high in a dark evening sky as viewed from most of the United States and Canada while most people are still awake.
The only problematic area will be in the Western United States and West-Central Canada, where the first partial stage of the eclipse will already be underway when the moonrises and the sun sets on that final Sunday in September. But if you have an open view low to the east, even this situation will only add to the drama, for as twilight fades, these far-Westerners will see the shadow-bitten moon coming into stark view low above the landscape. And by late twilight, observers will have a fine view of the totally eclipsed lunar disk glowing red and dim low in the eastern sky.

In Europe, most countries currently observe "summer time," in which clocks are either one hour ahead of Greenwich time (London, Lisbon) or two hours ahead (Paris, Rome).
For the Canadian Maritime provinces, clocks run one hour ahead of Eastern time, except in Newfoundland, where it's one and a half hours ahead.
Notable cities in the Eastern time zone include New York, Jacksonville, Florida and Atlanta; in the Central time zone, Chicago, Memphis, Tennessee, and Houston; for Mountain time, Salt Lake City, Denver and Albuquerque, New Mexico, and in the Pacific Time Zone, Seattle, San Francisco and Los Angeles.  
In the United States, Daylight Saving Time is not observed in Arizona.  Clocks there read similar to Pacific time. For most of Alaska, clocks run one hour behind Pacific time; in Hawaii two hours.

15 Bizarre Facts About Area 51

Friday, September 25, 2015

Leslie Kean Explains The UFO Phenomena in Her Own Words

Kean was a producer for the 2009 independent documentary I Know What I Saw and is currently working with Break Thru Films, an award-winning film company, on a new feature documentary. She and her coalition have launched an ongoing initiative to affect US government policy so that scientists and aviation authorities can gain greater understanding of the still-unexplained UFO phenomenon.

14 Children Draw Similar Pictures After UFO Sighting - MoD Cover-Up

Ministry of Defence covering up infamous UFO sightings which made 14 children draw similar pictures


Tory peer calls on defence chiefs to come clean about what happened in the skies over an area known as the Broad Haven Triangle


The Ministry of Defence has been accused of covering up a top secret investigation into one of Britain's most infamous spates of UFO sightings.
In the late 1970s, a number of mysterious objects were spotted above an area which became known as the Broad Haven Triangle, in Pembrokeshire.
One extraordinary incident occurred near a primary school , when 14 pupils saw a UFO landing and drew strikingly similar pictures of it.
Now a Tory peer has called on the MoD to come clean and tell the world what it knows about the bizarre events.
Lord Black of Brentwood said: "A number of recently released Ministry of Defence files leave little doubt that a small number of sightings of aerial phenomena - particularly by military personnel, pilots and air traffic controllers - remain unexplained and unidentified.
Tory peer Lord Black of Brentwoodmakes makes
allegation against MoD
"There needs to be further examination of these issues in the hope of learning something new."

The peer has a long-standing interest in the subject of UFOs, but his interest in this old case was sparked by new research into the Broad Haven sightings.
Neil Spring, a novelist, investigated several of the cases during the research for his upcoming book The Watchers, digging up a document which suggests a secret UFO investigation was carried out in the area, without politicians knowing about it.
"I visited Broad Haven a sceptic, and came away convinced that some of the locals knew far more about the mysterious occurrences of 1977 than they are willing to reveal," he said.
The declassified document is a letter from the head of S4, a wing of the MoD, to the Provost & Security Service, which functions as a kind of internal police force within the RAF.
Unpredictable Broad Have Seas
In this letter, an official expressed surprise that so many otherwise "level-headed" witnesses had reported UFO sightings to the press and suggested a "discreet enquiry" could be the best way to proceed.
"I have not even told the Minister I am consulting you," the defence chief wrote.
At the time the MoD had denied there was any unusual activity in the area.
Nick Pope, who worked as UFO investigator for the MOD, said: “This bombshell document shows how the MoD's UFO project asked the RAF Police to conduct a secret investigation into these mysterious events, while Parliament, the media and the public were being told the subject was of no defence significance."
"Defence ministers were cut out of the loop," he suggested.
The sightings in Broad Haven took place near a military base, leading some observers to suggest the crafts had actually been Harrier jump jets and the aliens were just men wearing fireproof flying outfits.
The MoD have been contacted for comment.

The Best Locations In The UK To See UFOs

The 7 Best Places to Spot a UFO in Britain


WITH the supposed end of the world looming close, extra-terrestrial activity seems to be creeping up at every corner.
UFO sightings are abundant, alien corpses have been washed up on foreign shores and the skies have “opened like the end of times” in Costa Rica.
If you want to get in on the alien action before we all bite the dust on the 28th September, then here are the seven places you need to visit to spot a UFO.

Cley Hill, Warminster

This Iron Age Hillfort has become an unofficial UFO observatory, where alien spotters have been meeting for almost 40 years.
Enthusiasts are drawn in by lights, flying objects and other unidentifiable objects.
The Wiltshire town seems to be a hot spot for extra-terrestrial activity as a number of other-worldly sightings have also been made from nearby Cradle Hill.
The spot is popular for people who want to be subjected to mysterious medical examinations and is a hotbed of crop circle activity.

Cannock Chase, Staffordshire

UFOs visit the area in there plenty, with hundreds of residents reporting a March sighting on social media.
The area has been an X Files hotbed since the early 80s, but there have also been reports of werewolves, yetis and intriguing “pig men”.
Rendlesham Forest, Suffolk
A sighting in December 1980 thrust the forest into international fame, with “credible witnesses” backing the alien invasion.
A metallic object allegedly illuminated the entire forest with a white light, and sent pulsing red and blue beams below.

Sutton Colefield, Dudley

Site of the famous ‘Dudley ’, a UFO was spotted here four times in four years.
The “extra-terrestrial tortilla chip” was last seen in 2011 but still causes a stir among UFO spotters in the West Midlands today.
Broad Haven, Wales
Back in 1977 two faceless, pointy-headed aliens landed their flying saucer in the grounds of the Haven Fort Hotel.
A local man eventually came forward and admitted staging the whole thing, but the grounds are still a popular destination for UFO enthusiasts to visit.

Bonnybridge, Scotland

Barely a day goes past without a UFO sighting in Bonnybridge. Starting in 1992, the small town has been plagued with other-worldly activity ever since.
UFOlogists have no explanation for the popularity of the town with beings from other planets, but police suggest locals’ enthusiastic attitude to alcohol could be related.
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