Saturday, November 30, 2013

Best UFO Sightings November 2013, Video



Links to video's listed below

Videos used listed below

Music Used - Sacred Space By LLewellyn
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gyFJy...

Cigar UFO Split Into Two Parts Over Mexico
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_3G97...

Ring UFO Recorded From The ISS
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HFVk7...

Triangle UFO Sits Over Altus, Oklahoma, USA For 15 Minutes
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IGbej...

Three UFOs Over Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vW3bj...

UFOs Ascending And Landing In Swindon, UK
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfCzo...

UFOs Line Up Over A Highway In Nevada, USA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1hFJb...

UFO Recorded Dancing Around In The Sky Over Indiana
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U8sY-...

UFOs Appear Out Of Thin Air Over Volos, Greece
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cmr9I...

UFO Teleporting Through The Skies Above A Philippine Airport
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8yxa...

Triangle UFO Recorded On Night Vision Over Leon, Guanajuato, Mexico
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SwiZp...

Circular Shaped UFO Captured On STS 093 Photograph
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qSAVa...

Glowing UFO Recorded Over Miami, Florida, USA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SLKQf...

It Might Be Easier to Find Dying Alien Civilizations

Dying aliens could broadcast
a warning.
Astrobiology is the search for and study of life elsewhere in the universe, and it is obsessed with beginnings. Most experts in the field spend their time concocting theories about the origins of life, because knowing what life requires to get started lets us narrow the list of places we need search for it. 

However, determining life’s starting conditions is just one aspect of the search for life, and as we see on Earth, life can profoundly affect a planet once it gets a foothold. Rather than ask what life’s beginnings might look like on another planet, astronomers are beginning to wonder how a planet might look as its biosphere comes slowly to its end.
Now, a civilization nearing its apocalypse might broadcast that fate in any number of ways — up to and including literally broadcasting the story in an alien language, warning of technological pitfalls or pleading for help from any species advanced enough to listen. It’s impossible to predict how such a meeting might go, however, so astrobiology focuses less on failed races than on unlucky ones. A naturally dying planet or star will end a species’ run at greatness as surely as any climate crisis or nuclear war, and astronomers might be able to use such an event to find our unluckiest galactic neighbors.
The idea came about thanks to some work with mathematical models of Earth. It was meant to study the evolution of atmospheric phenomena, but by turning the clock forward several billion years, they were able to see an approximation of the Earth’s state at the end its lifetime — and thus, of our lifetime on it. An extinction event can be any number of things, but there are some characteristics that astronomers believe they might share.
For instance, a planet undergoing mass extinctions should be flooded with compounds released by decaying plant and animal matter. Methanethiol, in particular, is thought to only arise from biological sources, and its presence on a planet would instantly bring scientists to high alert. It would be a major indication that we aren’t alone in the universe — or at least that we weren’talone. By the time the light brought us word of the methanthiol flood, the life which gave rise to it may well have died off entirely.
Methane is another signifying gas, and it’s thought that a methane-rich atmosphere could indicate the presence of substantial amounts of microbial life. Actually, running a number of climate models forward by several thousand years, the researchers were able to come up with an end-of-life profile for Earth. They predicted what Earth might look like to far-flung surveyors in the future, looking for ways that life on the modern Earth could be detectible at that time — in a few billion years, microbes may have built up a methane concentration ten times the one we currently breathe.
Thus, in the search for life we may soon be looking for both live planets and dead ones — both those that hold life today, and those which held it at some point. Finding a dead planet is likely a matter of finding planets with atmospheres that differ greatly from expectations, where some unknown force must have intervened. We assume that the unknown force is a working biosphere — something that gives Earth, for instance, an unexpected amount of carbon dioxide. To go into much more specific predictions would be to make assumptions about the natures of any alien species we might stumble across.
Of course, planets can go dead in any number of ways. It seems that Mars was hit by an asteroid and lost its atmosphere to deep space, ending all life on the surface (if indeed any ever existed). On the other hand, planets like Venus have been proposed to have hosted life at some point, too. It will be important to understand not just how life can form, but how the formation of life impacts a planet. Because while finding life’s candidate planets is one thing, finding life itself has been the real goal all along.

Scientist Believe That Alien Life Lives Just Above Our Clouds


Scientist believe

  • Microscopic diatom fragment was released from a comet
  • These organisms contain DNA
  • That they will confirm their findings in the next launch

Aliens are living above the clouds, a team of British scientists says.

University of Sheffield researchers launched a balloon 27km into the stratosphere on July 31, using microscopic studs to act as a kind of "fly paper" to harvest samples from the edge of space.

When the balloon landed, it had carried back small biological organisms.

Professor Milton Wainwright said he was "95 per cent convinced" they originated from space.

"There is no known mechanism by which these life forms can achieve that height. As far as we can tell from known physics, they must be incoming," he said.

The team's findings are published in the Journal of Cosmology.


UFO Filmed Over Melbourne Australia in Night Vision

Posters Comments
Recorded with a p8079hp Nightvision tube above Melbourne Australia (Moonee Ponds)

UFO Sightings From Around the World - Planet UFO, Video

Take a journey into the unknown with Darin Crapo and examine UFO Sightings recorded in Edgewater, NJ, USA; Belgrade, Serbia; Hologram on the Moon; Miami, Florida, USA; Michigan, USA; Bronx, NY, USA; Hungary and Germany. News from Space: Maven launch, ISS turns 15.




When Aliens Attack Earth - UFO/Alien Documentary

Is a potential alien invasion considered to be something that could actually happen. Are they plans for a real alien attack or plans if aliens come in peace? Military and government officials provide a startling look inside the war room. 

Friday, November 29, 2013

Spectacular Comet ISON Photos Show it Survived A Dive Into the Sun

These images taken on Nov 28, 2013 give scientist a clear indication that Comet ISON survived its near miss with the Sun.











Drummer from Killer Recounts UFO Sighting in Nevada

The Killers' drummer Ronnie Vannucci Jr. claims to have spotted a UFO while working for an airline before becoming famous.
Brandon Flowers and Ronnie Vannucci Jr.
The musician told Q magazine about the experience he had while travelling across the desert one night.

"I was driving to the middle of Nevada on [Route] 95 North and I saw this red dot in the sky, almost like a laser pointer kind of red but it was bigger and it was doing all these motions like normal flight patterns and then it would zip down and go really quick.

"I pulled over. I didn't have a phone at the time and I tried to radio people and no one heard me. Then it went behind this mountain range and it was six at night so the sun was going down and there was this giant flash of light afterwards, like a strobe, and it was gone. It was crazy. I'm not making any of that up."

Interesting UFOs Hovering Above The Skies Of Cartagena, Spain - Video

New interesting footage of a bright objects hovering in the sky above Cartagena, a major naval station located in the Region of Murcia, by the Mediterranean coast, south-eastern Spain. This was taken on Wednesday, 27th November 2013.

Daytime UFO Sighting Over Mexico

Posters Comments (Google Translation)
A spectacular UFO sighting in the State of Michoacán, Mexico, 17/11/2013. This video is thanks to Ernesto Franco for his boldness and ability to grasp objects in the sky, while we were resting, after a delicious breakfast in the village of Queréndaro, Zinapécuaro Municipality, Michoacán. Mexico.



Original Text
Un espectacular avistamiento de Ovnis en el Estado de Michoacán, México, 17-11-2013. Este video es gracias a Ernesto Franco por su audacia y su capacidad de poder captar objetos en el cielo, mientras estábamos descansando, después de un rico desayuno en el pueblo de Queréndaro, Municipio de Zinapécuaro, Michoacán. México.

Thursday, November 28, 2013

The Best UFO Disclosure Interviews Available - Video's

Updated June 1, 2015

People have been frustratingly waiting for some type of official UFO Disclosure for a longtime. The truth is, disclosure has been happening for decades. It is especially true of aging astronauts, military pilots and government contractors. Many responsible and knowledgeable people have a strong desire for the truth to come out while they still have the opportunity.

Educating Humanity has put together a series of interviews giving you some of the best UFO/Alien disclosure available today. 

The first video below is a short montage of the quality of the video's that you will find on this page.  



Read More




UFO Topic Interview With Richard Gray of Educating Humanity

This is an interview that I did with Rick Scouler of Topic UFO in May of 2014. I hope you enjoy hearing about the sighting as much as I did speaking with Rick about it. 
Richard (Educating Humanity)






Amazing Interview With Young Boy

This is a very articulate young boy telling of his multiple UFO sighting. The amount of detail, distance, altitude, direction and more is rather amazing. At first I thought he has been coached but eventually you find out that he is a member of the Civil Air Patrol (CAP), which is precisely the type of language and skills he would have learned in that organization.    Read More




Historic 1966 Interview - Project Blue Book

Project Blue Book (1952-1969) was one of a series of systematic studies of unidentified flying objects (UFOs) conducted by the United States Air Force. -Every time I read something about Project Blue Book what jumps out at me is the open acknowledgement by the American government that UFOs are real. They never attempted to hide the fact that UFOs were in our skies they just wanted to know where they came from and in typical government/military fashion, if they posed a threat. I suspect that even if the government came out today and told the population of the world that UFOs are very much real some people would have to see and touch one before they believed it! Read More






Pilot Sees Mile Wide UFO - UK

One of the largest UFOs ever seen has been observed by the crew and passengers of an airliner over the Channel Islands. An official air-miss report on the incident appears in Pilot magazine. Aurigny Airlines captain Ray Bowyer, 50, flying close to Alderney first spotted the object, described as "a cigar-shaped brilliant white light". Read More



Deathbed Confession of Dying CIA Agent

UFO author and historian Richard Dolan interviewed "Anonymous" on March 5, 2013. Facing impending kidney failure, this individual felt compelled to disclose secret information he feels is too important to keep secret. Read More..




The Lost Interview With Colonel Philip Corso - Alien Technologies


Colonel Corso claims that he was in charge of the American Goverments effort to consolidate the technology from the Roswell Crash and share it with defense contractors. An amazng and  revealing interview. Disclosure at its best.  






Colonel Williams - Secret UFOs Norton Air Force Base

Colonel Williams entered the Air Force in 1964 and became a rescue helicopter pilot in Vietnam. He has an electrical engineering degree and was in charge of all the construction projects.  During his time in the military, he knew that there was a facility inside of Norton Air Force Base in California that no one was to know about. Read More




Jesse Marcel - In Charge of the Roswell UFO Crash

Jesse Marcel was on the front page of the Roswell newspaper for the cover-up of the crashed disc. In 1984 he revealed the UFO was real and did actually crash. If you are looking for proof that Roswell was real...........it does not get much better than this!





Del Rio UFO Crash - Texas
This is a shocking eyewitness testimony from a retired U.S. Air Force officer and former fighter jet pilot, Colonel Robert Willingham who says that he chased a UFO across West Texas and watched it crash along the Rio Grande River near Del Rio, Texas. Read More




Interview with Dr. Jacques Vallée


In mainstream science, Vallée is notable for co-developing the first computerized mapping of Mars for NASA and for his work at SRI International on the network information center for the ARPANET, a precursor to the modern Internet. Vallée is also an important figure in the study of unidentified flying objects (UFOs), first noted for a defense of the scientific legitimacy of the extraterrestrial hypothesisand later for promoting the interdimensional hypothesis.



 Don Phillips Talks About Alien Technologies

Don Phillips was in the Air Force at Las Vegas Air Force Base during an event when UFOs were seen moving at enormous speeds near Mt. Charleston, northwest of Las Vegas. In addition, he worked with Kelly Johnson at the Lockheed Skunkworks -- on design and construction of the U-2 and SR-71 Blackbird. He testifies that we not only have these extraterrestrial devices, but have also achieved tremendous technological advances from their study.



Astronaut Edgar Mitchell Interview

Astronaut Edgar Mitchell, the sixth man on the moon, testifies to extraterrestrial visitation and military cover-up.



Incredible Interview With Bob Dean

A no holds barred interview with the grand master of the UFO community, Bob Dean.




Dr. Sun Shili - China Leading Expert on UFOs

Dr. Sun Shili is a leading UFO researcher in China. He helped start China's leading UFO research organization, and was able to get the government to print his first UFO journals. He participated in the Citizen Hearing on Disclosure in Washington D.C. where we were able to interview him. He does not speak English, however he was Chairman Mao's Spanish translator. We have Antonio on hand to translate from Spanish to English for us. Read More




Gordon Creighton, Diplomat, Government Civil Servant

Quantum Cosmology: Gordon Creighton, diplomat, civil servant, and Editor of Flying Saucer Review, was born on April 26, 1908. He died on July 16, 2003, aged 95. Government service occupied most of the working life of Gordon Creighton, but he perhaps made his greatest mark as an authority on unidentified flying objects. Read More






Commander Graham Bethune UFO Sighting

Commander Graham Bethune is a retired Navy pilot with a top-secret clearance. He was a VIP Plane Commander who flew most of the high-ranking officers and civilians from Washington, DC. In his testimony he explains how he was flying a group of dignataries and other pilots into Argentia, Newfoundland when they all witnessed a 300 foot UFO that traveled 10,000 feet straight up in a fraction of a second toward their plane. He has documented the event extensively. Read More





Rare Historic Interview - Pilot Terry Johnson -1953


This rare piece of film is an interview with RAF pilot Terry Johnson and Navigator Geoff Smythe of a 1953 UFO sighting. It takes about 20 seconds for the audio to start.

To see a follow piece by BBC 50 years later and to Read More




Stanton Friedman on UFO, Government Cover-up

For almost 60 years years there has been overwhelming evidence that agencies of the US Government have intentionally withheld and misrepresented data on sightings of extraterrestrial craft. Nuclear Physicist Stanton will touches on the cover-up and a host of other issues in this video. Read More



Rare Interview Sir Francis Chichester - Pioneer of Aviation, 1931

Most people associate the start of the modern UFO age with Roswell in 1947. The fact is that when the aviation industry was just beginning to get started there were numerous UFO sightings, many of them have been lost over time but this is extraordinary rare (but short) interview with Sir Francis Chichester making the first flight between New Zealand and Australia managed to survive. Read More





Richard Dolan Interview with Dark Journalist

Join Dark Journalist and historian Richard Dolan as they examine the UFO cover-up and its far reaching implications of a breakaway civilization. In this presentation they will cover Dolan’s 20 years of research into the black budget, underground bases, ET history, MJ12, alien contact, advanced technology, off-world space programs, and much more! To watch part 2 and Read More




Interview with Roswell Witness, Dr. Jesse Marcel Jr.

Jesse Marcel jr. talks about the debris that his father brought home after the Roswell incident. He is very lucid, clear minded and seems to remember the details with good clarity. You will enjoy this short 5 minute video.








Bentwaters UFO Incident - Security Office Interview

Larry Warren was a security officer at Bentwaters Air Force Base in the United Kingdom. He was present during an event in 1980 when an extraterrestrial vehicle landed, hovered, and interacted with Air Force personnel on the base. Afterwards, the many personnel who had witnessed the events were intimidated, debriefed and forced to sign documents telling a false version of the story. Warren's testimony is corroborated by multiple other military witnesses who have been identified. Read More



Colonel Arneson Interview

Lt. Col. Arneson spent 26 years in the USAF. He had an above top-secret SCI-TK (Special Compartmented Tango Kilo) clearance. He worked as a computer systems analyst for Boeing and was the Director of Logistics at Wright-Patterson AFB. At one point he was the cryptography officer for the entire Ramstein AFB in Germany and while there one day he received a classified message that said that a UFO had crashed in Spitsbergen Norway.





Mike Wallace Interviews Don Keyhoe

Mike Wallace Interviews Donald Keyhoe, a Marine Corp Major who investigated the UFO phenomenon during the 1950's n the 1950s he became well known as an UFO researcher, arguing that the U.S. government should conduct appropriate research in UFO matters, and should release all its UFO files. Jerome Clark writes that "Keyhoe was widely regarded as the leader in the field" of ufology in the 1950s and early to mid-1960s




Multiple Sighting of Astronaut Gordon Cooper

Astronaut Gordon Cooper claimed to have seen his first UFO while flying over West Germany in 1951. On May 3, 1957 Cooper was the test pilot and project manager at Edwards AFB in California where a UFO landed on a dry lake bed. He managed to get it filmed and photographed and sent the material off to Washington DC, never to be seen again. Until his death in 1977 Cooper maintained that the government is indeed covering up information about UFOs.





KC-135 pilot tells story from 1975 at Loring AFB, Maine about his UFO encounter during a return flight back to base after air-to-air refueling.




Interview with John Mack, Harvard Professor

Interview with Harvard professor John E. Mack about his discussion with the Dalai Lama about why aliens/ufos first came to earth, as well as alien concern about the destruction of the environment.






General De Brouwer - The Belguim Wave


In this video, retired Belgian Air Force General Wilfried De Brouwer discusses a wave of triangular UFOs he investigated in 1989 and 1990. He was in charge of the Belgian Air Force's official investigation. They never came to a definite conclusion as to where the mysterious triangles came from. De Brouwer also discusses the controversial photograph that was allegedly taken in Petit-Rechain.



Additional interviews will be added as they become available, so check back. 

Great UFO Video Of Craft Over Oregon, Hi-Def Video

Cooler temps have caused an air inversion creating ground fog and there was a slight difficulty with the focus in night vision, yet the UFO is a great capture in HI-8 showing morphing light array.

Historic UFO Info From The 1940's Now Available To The Public

Historic UFO audio archive dating back to the 1940s recovered


A historic UFO audio archive documenting the beginning of the modern UFO era has been made available online. The archive was compiled by Wendy Connors and Roderick Dyke, and re-discovered and made available online by Isaac Koi and Giuliano Marinkovic.

Connors spent several years in the US Air Force working in communications before settling down in Albuquerque, New Mexico. She had an interest in UFOs, and in particular the Air Force’s official investigations into the matter. She was a founding member of the Project Sign Historical Group, which brought together people related to the Air Force’s original UFO investigation program.
Wendy Connors


Over the years Connors began collecting audio clips from some of the most important interviews of the time. She called her project to preserve these audio clips, “Faded Discs.” The clips included comments from the administrators of the Air Force UFO investigation projects, researchers, and other notable people, such as astronauts, actors, and presidents, who had something to say about the topic. She painstakingly re-mastered the audio so it could be preserved for posterity.

Some of these interviews include Kenneth Arnold, the pilot who had a very important UFO sighting that ultimately served as the impetus to the Air Force’s entrance into UFO research. There are clips from J. Allen Hynek, the astronomer who first served as the US Air Force’s debunker, but eventually turned into a proponent for serious scientific research of UFOs.

There are clips from many military witnesses, and some of the key people involved with some of the important early cases. Although there was disagreement about the nature of the phenomenon, as there is today, the UFO subject was taken much more seriously when it first caught the attention of the public. Serious civil debate took place among very credible people, and some of those debates can be found in the files.


J. Alan Hynek

Marinkovic and Koi have been working on archiving important UFO files and disseminating them among UFO researchers. We have posted their discoveries on OpenMinds.tv before. Marinkovic said Connors’ Faded Disc compilations were very hard to find, and it took him a few years to locate them all.

Take some time and download and listen to the files. They are fascinating and informative. The work of archivists such as Connors, Dyke, Koi, and Marinkovic is very important. If not for their work an important part of our history could be lost to obscurity, and I for one am very grateful for the work they do.

You can find the Faded Disk archive at Archive.org.


Bright UFOs Hovering Over Pennsylvanian, Video, Photo



Posters Comments
Once in a while we can bust them doing things that give their mimic away... Just the best part of video of it hovering for 10:50 with another behind it pacing the old coal mine woods. They LOVE these old coal mine areas here in the wooded hills where they have hills to mostly block prying eyes and radar.

They DO similar behavior and appearances over Lake Erie and other worldwide locations -- not just here. FELTON, PA person who contacted MUFON said they have similar UFOs hovering low over woods with different light patterns also doing this now-common mimic of aircraft lights... in large numbers and OFTEN ENOUGH TO STUDY SCIENTIFICALLY -- just like here.

Someone PLEASE get me (or come & help with your own) a real spectrometer so we can figure out their fuel sources!

Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Evidence of UFO Encounters Through History of Mankind

Evidence of UFO encounters through mankind's history -- from prehistoric cave paintings, to Medieval frescoes, to Renaissance art that depict strange objects in the sky.



While technically a UFO refers to any unidentified flying object, in modern popular culture the term UFO has generally become synonymous with alien spacecraft;however, the term ETV (ExtraTerrestrial Vehicle) is sometimes used to separate this explanation of UFOs from totally earthbound explanations.

Proponents argue that because these objects appear to be technological and not natural phenomena and are alleged to display flight characteristics or have shapes seemingly unknown to conventional technology, the conclusion is that they must not be from Earth. Though UFO sightings have occurred throughout recorded history, modern interest in them dates from World War II (see foo fighter), further fueled in the late 1940s by Kenneth Arnold's report of a close encounter, which led to coining of the term flying saucer, and the Roswell UFO incident. Since then governments have investigated UFO reports, often from a military perspective, and UFO researchers have investigated, written about, and created organizations devoted to the subject. One such investigation, the UK's Project Condign, made public in 2006, attributed unaccountable UFO sightings to a hitherto unknown and scientifically unexplained "plasma field." It also concluded that Russian, former Soviet Republics, and Chinese authorities had made a co-ordinated effort to understand the UFO phenomenon and that military organizations, particularly in Russia, had done "considerably more work (than is evident from open sources)" on military applications stemming from their UFO research. The report also noted that "several aircraft have been destroyed and at least four pilots have been killed 'chasing UFOs'."

UFOs are sometimes an element of conspiracy theories in which governments are allegedly intentionally "covering up" the existence of aliens by removing physical evidence of their presence, or even collaborating with extraterrestrial beings. There are many versions of this story; some are exclusive, while others overlap with various other conspiracy theories.

In the U.S., an opinion poll conducted in 1997 suggested that 80% of Americans believed the U.S. government was withholding such information. Various notables have also expressed such views. Some examples are astronauts Gordon Cooper and Edgar Mitchell, Senator Barry Goldwater, Vice Admiral Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter (the first CIA director), Lord Hill-Norton (former British Chief of Defense Staff and NATO head), the 1999 French COMETA study by various French generals and aerospace experts, and Yves Sillard (former director of CNES, new director of French UFO research organization GEIPAN).

It has also been suggested by a few paranormal authors that all or most human technology and culture is based on extraterrestrial contact.

Ten of The Most Mysterious UFO Sightings - Video


Revolutionizing Search For Alien Life, Teleportation

The sun is fading, the temperature is dropping and the desert party is just getting started.

They're prying open beer bottles and blasting out rock music.

Motorcycles rest on kickstands beside an ancient lava flow while revellers talk excitedly about alien worlds, teleportation and the creation of life.


Biologist and entrepreneur Craig Venter, at Mojave National Preserve in California
On a sun-blasted tract of sand 22 kilometres south of Baker, California, molecular biologist and entrepreneur Craig Venter is field-testing a technology he says will revolutionise the search for extraterrestrial life.

Not only does Venter say his invention will detect and decode DNA hiding in otherworldly soil or water samples - proving once and for all that we are not alone in the universe - it will also beam the information back to earth and allow scientists to reconstruct living copies in a biosafety facility.
"We can recreate the Martians in a P-4 spacesuit lab, if necessary," the 67-year-old says matter-of-factly as he relaxes with his poodle, Darwin, in a luxury camper.
It may sound outrageous, but Venter's concept of biological teleportation has captured the attention of scientists at the US space agency Nasa's Ames Research Centre in Silicon Valley.
Six Ames emissaries are on hand to assist in the field test.
The prospect of building a device that could land on Mars, or one of Saturn's moons, and analyse samples without having to return to earth would save billions of dollars.
It would also eliminate the potential risks of bringing home alien pathogens, said Ames Director Simon "Pete" Worden.
"The next mission to Mars will be in 2020," Worden said. "That mission may well have this (technology) on it."
The unforgiving Mojave Desert, with its shifting sand dunes and rugged fields of basalt, has long played the role of stand-in at Mars exploration rehearsals.

Venter has managed to get NASA's attention
for this prototype device to find life on Mars
.
Such was the case when a team from Nasa and the nonprofit J. Craig Venter Institute in San Diego and Rockville, Maryland, trudged through the desert last weekend, flipping over rocks in search of a bacteria with "super powers", as Ames planetary scientist Chris McKay put it.
Highly resistant to radiation and extreme temperatures, the cyanobacteria called Chroococcidiopsis is a green crud that covers the bottom of translucent quartz rocks. Among other attributes, it refuses to die when deprived of air and water.
Scientists say it's the sort of extremeophile that may be hiding out on other worlds and plan to use it in their terrestrial test run. "We're in love with this organism," McKay said. "It's the closest thing we have to Martians."
The game plan was to collect samples of the bacteria, prepare them for analysis and then load them into a genetic sequencer to determine the unique order of four repeating nucleotides, or chemical "letters", in the bacteria's genome.
Once that's accomplished, the cyanobacteria's DNA sequence will be downloaded by scientists at Venter's for-profit company, Synthetic Genomics.
If it's ever used on Mars, the technology is going to have to be roboticised and shrunk to a fraction of its current volume.
"It needs to be the size of a shoe box," McKay says.
In 2007, Venter successfully transplanted the genome of one species of bacteria into another.
Three years later, he announced he had built a DNA sequence in the lab and "booted it up" within a single cell of bacteria.
This cell went on to reproduce a colony of cells that bore the same lab-formulated DNA.
When he told of the feat in the journal Science, Venter said his team had created "synthetic life".
While the desert field experiment was a test for the unit that hypothetically would travel to Mars to send back data, Venter said a prototype of the receiving technology exists as well.
That device, which downloads the DNA sequence and prints out the corresponding nucleic acids, will be available for sale next year.
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