Thursday, May 31, 2012

Best UFO Sightings May, 2012 in One Video

Compilation of UFO Videos 
For May 2012

Compiled and posted by AnonymousFO

Videos & Music used for this sequence;

Music Used - Präludien by Richard Sharp

UFO Dropping Lights Over Escondido, California, USA

UFOs Filmed From Window On Apollo 11 Mission

Gigantic Disc Shaped UFOs Next To The Sun

UFO Captured By The ISS Camera

Flashing UFOs Over Norway

Flashing Blue UFO Over Russia

UFO Above Mission, British Columbia, Canada

Ghostly White UFO Above Chicago, USA

Diamond UFO Above Morin Heights, Canada

Triangle UFO Spotted Over Moscow, Russia

Flashing UFO Above Fresno, California, USA

UFOs Over Basel, Switzerland

Triangular UFO Over Sonora, California, USA

UFO making trumpets of the apocalypse sounds? Hong Kong, China

Hard Turning Craft Over Rotorua, New Zealand

UFO's Caught Live During ISS Flight

Coronal Cavity Sphere Deflects Solar Eruption

Fleet Of UFOs Over Dulce, New Mexico, USA

"Best UFO Videos for May 2012

Wednesday, May 30, 2012

Baltic Sea UFO Search Goes On, OceanX Team Ready to Dive, Video

Swedish Scientist Plan to Dive on the Object in the Baltic Sea Starting 
June 1 for 6-10 Days

Peter Lindberg and Dennis Asberg are about to venture out to what might to the trip of a life time. The group previously called Ocean Explorers Team have been renamed the OceanX Team and call themselves treasure hunters. Their mission is to comb the Baltic Sea wrecks containing alcohol which can then be sold at auction. In 1997, leader Peter Lindberg found the wreck Jonkoping in the Åland archipelago. On board were champagne that has subsequently been sold for millions of dollars. But last year they found something quite different. "Something solid down there", in just days they plan to get some answers.

Last summer, while on a treasure hunt between Sweden and Finland, the pair and their research associates made headlines worldwide with the discovery of a 200 foot highly unusual object at the bottom of the Baltic Sea. Now a team of oceanographers, engineers and deep sea divers will return to the site Friday, June 1, for a 6 to 10 day trip.

They want to find out once and for all what it really is.

Linderg and Asberg with crew

“We don’t know whether it is a natural phenomenon, or an object,” Lindberg, captain of the Ocean Explorer, told “We saw it on sonar when we were searching for a wreck from World War I. This circular object just turned up on the monitor.”
The discovery was a worldwide news event, covered in the popular press, the scientific press and in the blogosphere. Many speculated that the discovery was of a long-lost unidentified flying object (UFO), that crashed into the sea -- evoking Duchovny’s alien-hunting character on the TV show.

Lindberg is clearly aware of the connection: The logo for his “OceanX Team” is clearly meant to evoke the X-Files logo. But is the truth out there this time? He aims to find out.
“We’ll be searching the area in a number of ways,” Lindberg explained. “We’ll use sonar to make 3D images of the bottom, the clay bottom, of that part of the sea. We’ll send down deep-sea divers too. And a camera robot. We’ll also take samples from the sea bed and measure them for toxicities and radiation.”
At this point, Lindberg said, he and his colleagues “don’t know more than anyone else what it is” down there for certain.

But he’s willing to speculate as to the possibilities. The crash debris could be from a meteor, he told It could a naturally occurring gas well discovery -- located interestingly enough in international waters, he added. Or, he muses, it could be the remains of a Russian warship from the late 19th century.

“I don’t think it’s an ordinary stone formation, or cargo dropped from a ship,” Lindberg said. “But it can be a lot of things. If it’s not manmade, and was made by another form of intelligent life, it would be very lucky. I’ve never won the lottery before!”His colleague, Dennis Asberg, agreed. “If this were a UFO, that would indeed be a strange thing.” He too speculates that it could be a gas well finding, or the remains of a meteor. “I’m just not sure,” he said. “But we’ll see soon.”
Others claim that the object, located 300 feet beneath the surface of the Baltic Sea, may be a natural formation, or even an emerging volcano.

Earlier this year, Lindberg told the media he thought this discovery might be a “new Stonehenge.”

The Ocean Explorer crew includes 13 researchers, including a sonar expert, and a camera crew from Swedish TV that will document the event. Lindberg said he is in negotiations with Microsoft to see if the event can be carried live on the Internet, from the remote location in international waters via video streaming.

“We’re working with Microsoft on that, but nothing is final yet. Tell them we want to do a deal,” he joked.
The exploration is funded by private investors and bank notes that Ocean Explorer has secured, said Lindberg. The initial discovery of the unidentified sea object was made during a trek to find Swedish commercial ships sunk by the German Navy during World War I last summer.

Lindberg says, "I have no idea what it is, all I know is that I've never seen anything down there that is solid - stone, concrete or steel - and that is completely round.  It is something we have never seen before, this is not soft, says Peter Lindberg." 

They rule out theories that there is a depth bomb or mine from the First World War - or a symmetrical blooms.

It is only a matter of days before we start to get some answers. 

To inject a bit of humor into the Baltic UFO story, here is a very short video

Baltic Sea UFO search continues with the OceanX Team ready to dive, we will keep you posted as this story progresses. Video and pictures will be posted when available. 

Bilderberg Meeting May 31 - June 3, 2012, Some Advice

Bilderberg Meeting Starts May 31 Chantilly Va

The Bilderberg group is getting ready for their annual meeting just outside of Washington DC in Chantilly Va, May 31 through June 3, 2012. So what should the Bilderberg group do to make their organization more palatable to the world. 

First of all the membership must think for a moment like the rest of us, if you have attended a Bilderberg meeting than you are without question a member.  If you think for a minute that it is not an official organization or that you only get together to hobnob with our buds in a club environment, you could not be fooling yourself more. Like it or not, our perception has become your reality, you are a card carrying member of a disliked secret organization. 

Advice to the Bilderberg Group
  • Give yourselves a proper name 
  • Tell the world about your meetings
  • Put out a pre meeting press release
  • Print and distribute an agenda
  • Print and distribute an attendee list
  • Provide some history of your accomplishments
  • As hard as it may be give some history as to your failings
  • Designate someone to give a TED speech about who you are
  • Tell the world why you have been so secretive
  • Put out a post meeting press release
  • Become transparent, it will allow you to move forward
Look, there is nothing wrong with executives or bureaucrats having meetings, they do it all the time but to have secret meetings with no agenda, with no information provided to the public, that is simply wrong and makes you and your organization extremely suspect. It tells the world in no uncertain terms that you have something to hide.

Many of the government bureaucrats attending this meeting are doing so with "our money" tax payer money, you not only have a moral obligation to tell us how our money is spent you have a legal obligation. 

At a time when the central bankers of both Europe and North America have gotten away with financial crimes against humanity that border on catastrophic, it is not time to continue on your 58 year old course of stonewalling the public.  

Most of us already know that the seeds for the Eurozone were planted, sprouted and grew out of Bilderberg meetings, that is old news. Tell the world why you believe that a block of Europeans countries is good for the world, what are the benefits to one European currency, particularly in the light of what has happened to Greece and what is about to happen to Spain.  

The perception and reality of what people believe about your group is probably closer to reality than most members might think. We all know for a fact that the major banks around the world fleeced the public. We know that they were bailed out (and continued to be bailed out), we know that the public suffered horrendous losses.   We all know that the banks did not suffer much, we all know not one banker faced criminal charges for the disastrous circumstances they caused.  We also know that the underpinning of everything the Bilderberg group does is about  money. You may think your organization is above the financial fray or that your motivation is not tainted by money but that would simply be false. The members of your "club" have spent countries to the brink of bankruptcy, you have corrupted governments for the sake of money, you have lobbied and pressured government leaders to spend recklessly, stopped real financial reform, tax reform and entitlement reform. The Bilderberg organization wants things to be status quo but that is no longer possible. 

The members of your elite organization have no idea that they are standing on the precipitous of anarchy, people have had enough of tainted politicians, corrupt bankers and leaders that are not enlightened to the needs and desires of those that have put them into office. There is revolution in the wind and if things do not change people will make the necessary changes. The revolution may or may not take the form of violence but it has definitely arrived.  The American election of 2012 will be the first and most likely only wake up call! The question is, will your group hit the snooze button or will you actually wake up and make substantial change! 

The problems with people in secret organization is twofold, 1) because they are operating as a group they have a tendency to think everyone else must be doing the right thing by keeping it secret, (it is a mob mentality), 2) The world reaches a point (it has already happened) that says enough is enough, whatever you are hiding we want brought into the open! Your "club" can do it on their own or it will be done for you!

The choice is easy, believing that it must be done is the hard part. 

Loud Noises Heard Over Michigan, Trees Down, May 2012

Loud Booms Heard in Different Parts of Michigan, Trees Down

People are buzzing over what could have possibly caused a loud boom and violent shaking last night and this morning throughout West Michigan.

The reports came in from people in Calhoun, Branch and Kalamazoo Counties.

People from all over say they felt and heard it, but Newschannel Three has only heard of one case of actual damage happening during the same time.

John Nieuwenhuis, who lives in Oshtemo, says that he felt and heard the explosion, which shook his entire house.

"Where the two trees are parallel and something completely scrapped both trees off at the same height and laid them to the west," said Nieuwenhuis.

Nieuwenhuis called the fire department but after extensively searching, they couldn't find the source of an explosion.

"I've never seen anything like this, we cut down trees, we log trees and what could have taken this down I have no idea," said Nieuwenhuis.

Newschannel Three tried to search into what might have caused the explosions but, it was a clear night and there was no earthquake activity reported anywhere in the Midwest.

Air Traffic Control in Kalamazoo says no planes were in the area that might have broken the sound barrier."

Google Glasses, Sergey Brin Takes them for a Spin, Video

Sergey Brin Say GoogleX is Like Advanced Skunkworks, Goggle Glasses on Display

Even though most information about the "Google Glasses" remains a mystery some of the information is beginning to leak out in drips and drabs. In this video clip Sirgey Brin from Google lets Gavin Newson take them for a test run. Newson did not believe that the top Goggle guy actually took his picture so Brin removed the glasses and placed them on Newson who was impressed.

Outside of the Charlie Rose Show this is only the second time the glasses have appeared in public. Sergey Brin made a guest appearance on Current TV's Gavin Newsom show wearing a pair and snapping a hands free picture as the interview was starting.

Short Video from taken from Google Glasses

Brin explained that he has been more into the research and development side of the business for the past year and is hoping (probably optomistically) that the glasses might be ready for consumers in about a year but they are still in rough prototype stage. He goes on to say that GoogleX is like advanced skunkworks!

For those want a more descriptive definition of skunkworks:
A skunkworks is a small group of people who work on a project in an unconventional way. The group's purpose is to develop something quickly with minimal management constraints. Skunkworks are often used to initially roll out a product or service that thereafter will be developed according to usual business processes.

The term skunkworks was first introduced during World War II by engineers at Lockheed Corporation (which, in 1995, merged with Martin Marietta to become the Lockheed Martin Corporation). The engineers, who were tasked with building a fighter jet for the United States Government, operated under an unconventional organizational approach developed by Clarence L. "Kelly" Johnson. His directives for how the skunkworks should operate are called The 14 Practices and Rules.
 Although people have speculated that the name was inspired by the poor hygiene habits of overworked employees, it was really taken from the moonshine factory in a cartoon series called "L'il Abner." Lockheed Martin has trademarked the name Skunk Works, but they also refer to this type of project by the more formal name "Advanced Development Program"

UFOs in Perth, Video Compiliation

Perth saw a UFO, but will anybody believe them?

  • Have keen-eyed residents gathered UFO proof ?
  • Video 'evidence' has surfaced on the internet
  • See it all for yourself in the video below

Is it Perth paranoia or an earnest quest for the truth?

Videographers are denying everything in an effort to get to the bottom of the eternal question - are we alone?

The X-Filers are posting several videos on YouTube of recent UFOs in Perth's skies.

Watch our mash-up in the video above

But is this reality or just a bunch of Fox Mulders munching on too many sunflower seeds?

One at 5am is shot from a busy freeway and shows a dark shadow hovering before scattering across the sky.

Another during sunset seems to be a bird flying - before it inexplicably drops and darts across the sky at superman-like speed.


Multiple UFO Sightings May 22-29, Videos

Six UFO Sightings May 22-29, 2012

The last week of May 2012 seems to have been a very busy time UFO speaking so instead of making different post here are the best of this period of time.

UFO Speeds Behind Landing US Airways Express Jet Philadelphia Airport May 22, 2012

UFO Over Lebanon Missouri May 26, 2012

Large Saucer Shaped Object Over Mexico May 25, 2012

UFO Filmed Over Japan May 26, 2012

UFO Over Orsano Chile May 22, 2012

UFO Over Belgium May 28m 2012

During this seven day period of time there has been a lot of UFO activity around the globe, we attempt to screen most of the sightings and only bring you the best of the lot.

SpaceX Signs First Customer to Heavy Lift Falcon Rocket

SpaceX Signs its First Customer - The Commercial Exploitation of Space Has Started

Artist's rendering of SpaceX's planned heavy-lift Falcon rocket. Credit: SpaceX 
Space Exploration Technologies extended its winning streak on Tuesday, announcing it landed its first customer for the planned Falcon Heavy rocket.

The customer is Intelsat, one of the granddaddies of the space age and the leading provider of satellite services worldwide.

Tuesday's announcement follows the company's so-far successful test flight of a Dragon cargo capsule, which reached the International Space Station on Friday following launch last Tuesday aboard a Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.

PHOTOS: Berthing a Dragon: An Astronaut's Spectacular View

Dragon, the first privately owned vessel to reach the station, is scheduled to leave on Thursday and splash down in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of southern California later that day.

The trial run clears the company, also known as SpaceX, to begin flying NASA cargo to the station under a 12-flight, $1.6 billion contract. The company also holds more than two dozen other contracts for Falcon 9 flights.

SpaceX is building a new launch site at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California to fly Falcon Heavy, which is expected to be able to carry about twice as much payload into orbit as currently available rockets. It also plans to fly Falcon Heavy from Cape Canaveral.

NEWS: SpaceX Falcon Heavy Rocket: Shortcut to Mars?

"Our support of successful new entrants to the commercial launch industry reduces risk in our business model," Intelsat chief technical officer Thierry Guillemin said in a statement. "We will work closely with SpaceX as the Falcon Heavy completes rigorous flight tests prior to our future launch requirements," he said.

Falcon Heavy is comprised of a two-stage Falcon 9 rocket with two additional Falcon 9 first-stage rockets attached alongside the core vehicle. The configuration is similar to how the space shuttle's solid rocket boosters were mounted alongside the external fuel tank.

The heavy-lift version of the Falcon rocket is designed to put about 117,000 pounds (nearly 60 tons) into orbit -- about twice as much as what the shuttles could carry and more than double what the biggest U.S. expendable rocket, the Delta 4 Heavy, can carry.

NEWS: Space Taxis: Next Stop Mars?

SpaceX has said launch costs for Falcon Heavy will be about $100 million for commercial customers. The Air Force pays more than four times that amount for Delta 4 Heavy flights.

Falcon Heavy, like the Falcon 9, also is being designed to meet NASA's standards for flying humans.

The National Space Society in September published an interesting analysis on possible implications of Falcon Heavy on the current U.S. human space exploration initiative. In addition to supporting the space station, NASA is working on a shuttle-derived heavy-lift rocket and a deep-space capsule for missions to an asteroid, the moon, Mars and other destinations beyond the station's 240-mile-high orbit.

Tuesday, May 29, 2012

Fleet UFO Sighting Over Dulce NM, Alien Base, Video

Fleet UFO Sighting Over Dulce New Mexico - May 28, 2012

If you are not familiar with Dulce New Mexico, here is a short synopsis.
Dulce Base is an alleged secret alien underground facility under Archuleta Mesa on the Colorado-New Mexico border near the town of Dulce, New Mexico in the United States. Claims of alien activity there first arose from Albuquerque businessman Paul Bennewitz. A one-time PhD candidate in physics, Bennewitz claimed the existence of a plot involving an extensive network of UFO bases tied to an alien colonization and control scheme to subjugate the human race. After he saw the hypnosis sessions of Myrna Hansen, who claimed to have UFO experiences, he became convinced that cattle mutilations were due to aliens. As a result, Bennewitz claimed to have uncovered evidence of aliens controlling humans through electromagnetic devices, and furthermore claimed that UFOs were regularly flying near Kirtland and the nearby Manzano Nuclear Weapons Storage Facility and Coyote Canyon Test Area.

Starting in 1979, Bennewitz became convinced he was intercepting electronic communications from alien spacecraft and installations outside of Albuquerque. By the 1980s he believed he'd discovered an underground base near Dulce. The story spread rapidly within the UFO community and by 1990, UFOlogist John Lear claimed he had independent confirmations of the base's existence.

UFO Sighting 2012, Strange UFO Over Fresno, Video

Strange UFO Over Fresno CA - 11 May 2012

Found this very strange UFO Video posted by Squiip on Above Top Secret. It does not seem to be any of the usual suspects such as lanterns, planets or conventional craft. It gets extremely interesting just a minute in! 

UFO Sighting 2012, Strange UFO Over Fresno, Video

NASA Space Drink Can Reverse Ageing

NASA Space Drink Protects Against Radiation and Reverses Ageing

LONDON: A "space drink" developed by NASA to protect astronauts from radiation can also reduce wrinkles and reverse the telltale signs of ageing in just four months, say researchers, following a human trial. 

A team at Utah University has found in its research that the concoction, known as AS10, dramatically reduces wrinkles, blemishes and sun damage after four months.

At the start of their trial, the researchers took visia photographs -- which reveal the condition of the skin below the surface by using different types of light exposure -- of 180 participants.

They again took the photos after four months of drinking two shots of AS10 a day. By the end UV spots were reduced by 30 per cent and wrinkles by 17 per cent, the 'Daily Mail' reported.

AS10 was developed as a nutritional supplement for astronauts to protect them from the damaging effects of high levels of radiation outside the Earth's atmosphere.

The drink contains a blend of fruits including cupuacu (a Brazilian fruit from the cacao plant family), acai, acerola, prickly pear and yumberry, which all provide vitamins and phytochemicals -- compounds known to block the harmful effects of radiation. Other ingredients are grape, green tea, pomegranate and vegetables.

When Aliens Attack, Michio Kaku, Morgan Freeman, Video

Would an Alien Invasion be Anything Like Hollywood Depicts! 

What could we actually expect if Aliens were to attack earth, Professor Michio Kaku has a different take than Hollywood and the outcome would be a little different.

When you realistically look at the outcome of some sort of alien invasion it certainly would not be a David and Goliath scenario, far from it! 

Monday, May 28, 2012

UFO Sighting Revealed For First Time, RAF Pilot Roland Hughes

The UFO sighting that convinced a Government minister
One of the most tantalising ever accounts of an apparent encounter with a UFO – deemed so credible it apparently convinced a British minister – can be told for the first time.

It is one of the most tantalising ever official accounts of an encounter with a UFO – deemed so credible it even convinced the government minister who investigated it.

Now, for the first time, the sighting of a flying saucer by an RAF fighter pilot and the subsequent high level inquiry it prompted can be revealed.

The sighting occurred in 30 July 1952, when Flight Sergeant Roland Hughes was on a training flight over West Germany in a de Havilland Vampire FB9.

As he was returning to base, he reported being intercepted by a "gleaming silver, metallic disc" which flew alongside his aircraft before speeding off. The mystery object was also detected by RAF radars on the ground, which recorded it travelling at speeds far in excess of any known aircraft.

de Havilland Vampire FB9
Hughes reported the sighting to his senior officers who sent him to see Duncan Sandys, the then aviation minister, to brief him personally.

Following the meeting, Sandys went on to tell senior civil servants he was convinced by the airman's story.

The UFO sighting is not only one of the most detailed by a serving member of the armed forces but also shows how seriously such reports were taken by the authorities. British governments have historically downplayed the suggestion that such sightings have been investigated.

The existence of the sighting has emerged in papers released by the Churchill Archive, at Cambridge University. The centre contains the papers of Sir Winston Churchill, as well as Sandys, who married the former prime minister's daughter, Diana.

In one document – written a few days after the interview with the 23-year-old Hughes – Sandys tells the government's chief scientist, Lord Cherwell, about the meeting and states that he found the airman's account and the supporting evidence from radar "convincing".

The sighting came shortly after a number of similar "flying saucer" reports from US airmen and Sandys added: "I have no doubt at all that (Hughes) saw a phenomenon similar to that described by numerous observers in the United States."

Lord Cherwell had dismissed the US sightings as "mass psychology", but in his memo Sandys takes him to task for this attitude and makes clear his position on the existence of UFOs.

The minister, who was later promoted to Defence Secretary, went on: "Until some satisfactory scientific explanation can be provided, it would be most unwise to accept without further question the view that 'flying saucers' can be dismissed as 'a mild form of hysteria'." Sandys also wrote that there was "ample evidence of some unfamiliar and unexplained phenomenon".

The documents are among thousands released by the archive in recent years. Their disclosures were uncovered by David Clarke, a Sheffield Hallam

University academic, while he was conducting research for a new edition of a book he has written on UFO sightings for the National Archives.

By chance, shortly after his discovery, Dr Clarke was contacted by the fighter pilot's son, who had read the earlier edition and wanted to share information about his father's sighting.

Roland Hughes had died in 2009, aged 79, but had recounted his version of events to his son, Brian, who passed on the account to Dr Clarke, as well as his father's log book, in which he had noted the sighting and subsequent meeting with Sandys.

The incident will now feature in the latest edition of the book, to be released in September, following the release this summer of more government UFO files from the National Archives.

In the airman's account, relayed via his son, he was in one of four aircraft from No. 20 Squadron, of the RAF's 2nd Tactical Air Force, returning to RAF Oldenburg, in northern West Germany, flying in formation at high altitude in clear visibility.

He reported seeing a sudden flash of "silver light" in they sky high above him which rapidly descended towards him until he could see that it was a "gleaming silver-metallic disc".

The airman said its surface was shiny, "like tin foil", and "without a single crease or crinkle in it". He could see, with "astonishing clarity", the aircraft's "highly reflective and absolutely seamless metallic-looking surface". He estimated its size at 100ft across – "about the wingspan of a Lancaster bomber".

It flew alongside him for several seconds before flying off at great speed.

None of the other three pilots saw the object – it is thought because they were all executing a "banking turn" at the time and would not have been looking in the right direction – but radar on the ground had picked it up.

Six days later, Hughes – who later worked as a commercial airline pilot – was sent to RAF Fassberg, another base in northern West Germany, to give his account to senior RAF officers and Sandys himself, who was visiting. The minister's first question to Hughes was how many beers he had had the night before.

After the sighting, Hughes – who was known as Sam, after a character created by Stanley Holloway, the actor and comedian – was nicknamed "Saucer Sam" by colleagues, who painted a cartoon of a flying saucer on his jet.

Brian Hughes, 45, a Ministry of Defence civil servant based at Bovington Camp, in Dorset, said: "We knew about the sighting in the family when we were growing up but my father didn't talk about it a lot. We learned about it more from prompting him.

"He was very matter-of-fact about what he saw, just describing the details. He never did any research into UFO or flying saucers and didn't have any interest in the supernatural of science fiction.

"If it was someone other than my father who had told this story, I would be sceptical. He once said to me 'People think you're mad if you say you've seen a flying saucer – I've only ever seen one once; I've never seen one since.'"

Dr Clarke, who is sceptic on UFO issues, said: "There is absolutely no doubt that something was seen by Hughes. He is not making this up. But the only honest position to take is that we don't know what it was. But there could be some sort of scientific explanation, before you start jumping to conclusions about alien visitors."

Aliens Could Have Been Pointing Their Antennas at Earth for 4 Billion Years!

Aliens could have been pointing their antennas at Earth for 4.6 billion years, without picking up a signal. Maybe the inhabitants [of a Twin Earth] are at the level of the classical Romans ... or maybe trilobites. We need to check out hundreds of thousands of Earthlike worlds."
Dimitar Sasselov -- Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Our Milky Way galaxy may be home to at least two billion Earthlike planets, a new study based on initial data from from NASA's Kepler space telescope says -- a number that is actually far lower than many scientists anticipated, which could make it hard to find twin "Earths" in our galaxy.
Based on what Kepler's found so far, the study authors think that up to 2.7 percent of all sunlike stars in the Milky Way host so-called Earth analogs. As of this February, Kepler has confirmed 15 new planets and found an additional 1,235 planet candidates, including the smallest planet yet spied outside our solar system. Kepler will collect transit data for a minimum of three and a half years, allowing for a more complete planetary census at a later date.
"There are about a hundred billion sunlike stars within the Milky Way," said study co-author Joe Catanzarite, a scientist with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). "Two percent of those might have Earth analogs, so you have two billion Earth analog planets in the galaxy," he added. "Then you start thinking about other galaxies. There are something like 50 billion, and if each one has two billion Earthlike planets, it's mind boggling."

Although the figure seems large, Catanzarite and co-author Michael Shao, also of JPL, say their results actually show that Earths are "relatively scarce," which means a substantial effort will be needed to identify suitable target stars for followup missions designed to study the chemical signatures of Earth-size worlds. The chemical signals may hint whether the planets have oxygen atmospheres, liquid water -- or even signs of life.

The Kepler telescope has been scanning a patch of sky near the constellation Cygnus which can be considered a representative sample of what exists throughout the Milky Way. The Kepler space telescope analyze the light from the 156,000 stars in its field of view searching for stars that dim periodically—signs that significant objects are orbiting these stars.
To extrapolate the number of possible Earths in the Milky Way, Catanzarite and Shao started by defining an Earth analog based on a transiting planet's size and the distance at which the planet orbits its star.
"A famous 1993 paper calculated the inner and outer distance of the so-called Goldilocks zone"—not too hot, not too cold — "where liquid water could exist on a planet's surface," Catanzarite observed. 

"But more recently people have been saying those boundaries are conservative. Maybe you could go closer or farther. For instance, because of greenhouse gases a planet could be farther away and still be warm, or because of clouds, which the previous models didn't take into account, you could be closer but keep the surface cool."

In general, though, an orbit similar to Earth's seems ideal: "Closer than Earth and you'll fry; water would turn to steam. If you're too far, water would freeze into ice."

"People generally agreed that the smallest habitable planet would be 0.8 Earth radii ... or roughly half of Earth's mass. The reason is that a lower mass planet wouldn't be able to hold on to an oxygen atmosphere," Catanzarite said. "Out to two Earth radii is the largest planet we'd call Earthlike. More massive planets start to accumulate thick hydrogen atmospheres, like Neptune or Uranus," with unbearable atmospheric pressures.
Other planets may exist that we can't see because of their orbital inclination, so the team used previous exoplanet data to make mathematical estimates for the probabilities of these unseen worlds.

The results published online on showed that, according to the traditional boundaries of the Goldilocks zone, 1.4 percent of sunlike stars should have Earth analogs. If you accept the wider, more modern version of the habitable zone, 2.7 percent of sunlike stars likely host Earths. The study authors predict that Kepler will eventually find 12 Earth analog planets in its field of view — and may have already found 4 such worlds among its initial candidates.
"This study completely underestimates the frequency of Earths," according to MIT planetary scientist Sara Seager, a member of the Kepler science team who noted that  Kepler's just getting started, so its data is far from complete. "Say you're doing a census of the United States," she said. "If you go to California and knock on every door, you can then extrapolate out to the rest of the country. That's what Kepler's doing."

The Biggest Earthquakes Since 1900, Measuring Quakes Video

Just How Big Was the Biggest Earthquake?

This week marks the anniversary of the largest earthquake ever recorded — a magnitude - 9.5 earthquake that ripped along the coast of southern Chile on May 22, 1960. So we got to thinking about earthquakes.

Chile May 23, 1960
The worlds tectonic plates are primed for activity, evidenced by the Japanese quake, the unusual Virginia Quake and the increased global activity. That being said, we are just entering the 11 year peak solar cycle and we are now told that Planet X is cruising through our neighborhood making other planets wobble. On top of all that, it is after all 2012.

If you are like we are than you know that a magnitude 8.0 quake it exponentially larger than a magnitude 7.0 quake but exactly by how much? What does it mean and what can we expect. Also it should be noted that not all of the largest earthquakes are the most deadly, there are factors at play in every earthquake. Keep in mind when seismologist talk about the size of an earthquake they are only talking about the physical phenomenon independent of it's impact on people or the environment.

Terminology is important when talking earthquakes, the Sumatra Quake that comes in at number three in terms of magnitude, 9.1, was deadlier than the other top nine quakes combined. The Haiti Quake at 7.0, not even making the top 20 may have been the deadliest quake on record. The jury is still out and it will be some time before we know the full scale of that earthquake. 

So there are many different ways to look at a quake, obviously the physical aspect (whether it is a 7.0 or 8.0) is important but there is also loss of life and economic impact. As one of the people commenting on this article  points out, a 22 caliber bullet could potentially be more lethal than a nuclear bomb, depending on where you are and your circumstances.

Largest Earthquakes on Record Since 1900

LocationDate UTCMagnitudeLat.Long.
1.Chile1960 05 229.5-38.29-73.05Kanamori, 1977
2.Prince William Sound, Alaska1964 03 289.261.02-147.65Kanamori, 1977
3.Off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra2004 12 269.13.3095.78Park et al., 2005
4.Near the East Coast of Honshu, Japan2011 03 119.038.322142.369PDE
5.Kamchatka1952 11 049.052.76160.06Kanamori, 1977
6.Offshore Maule, Chile2010 02 278.8-35.846-72.719PDE
7.Off the Coast of Ecuador1906 01 318.81.0-81.5Kanamori, 1977
8.Rat Islands, Alaska1965 02 048.751.21178.50Kanamori, 1977
9.Northern Sumatra, Indonesia2005 03 288.62.0897.01PDE
10.Assam - Tibet1950 08 158.628.596.5Kanamori, 1977
11.Off the west coast of northern Sumatra2012 04 118.62.31193.063PDE
12.Andreanof Islands, Alaska1957 03 098.651.56-175.39Johnson et al., 1994
13.Southern Sumatra, Indonesia2007 09 128.5-4.438101.367PDE
14.Banda Sea, Indonesia1938 02 018.5-5.05131.62Okal and Reymond, 2003
15.Kamchatka1923 02 038.554.0161.0Kanamori, 1988
16.Chile-Argentina Border1922 11 118.5-28.55-70.50Kanamori, 1977
17.Kuril Islands1963 10 138.544.9149.6Kanamori, 1977
Updated 2012 April 11
The colossal 9.5 quake in Chile and the powerful tsunami that followed killed more than 1,400 people and left 2 million homeless. And its devastation reached far beyond South America.

The tsunami swept across the Pacific Ocean, wreaking havoc in Hawaii, the Philippines and Japan; a day after the earthquake, walls of water up to 18 feet (5.5 meters) high rushed ashore at Honshu, Japan's main island, destroying 1,600 homes and killing 138 people.

The colossal quake was what is known as a mega-thrust earthquake. These giant quakes, the most powerful quakes the planet is capable of unleashing, occur along subduction zones, where one tectonic plate dives beneath another. 

In this case, the quake was caused when a 620-mile-long (1,000 kilometers) stretch of the Nazca plate, an oceanic plate that forms a large swath of the Pacific Ocean floor, lurched deeper beneath the South American plate, producing the only 9.5-magnitude quake on record.

So just how big is a 9.5? An earthquake magnitude video, created with an animation from Nathan Becker, an oceanographer at the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, offers a simple way to understand the vast differences between one magnitude and the next.

Essentially, each successive magnitude is 33 times larger than the last. That means a magnitude-8.0 earthquake is 33 times stronger than a 7.0, and a magnitude-9.0 earthquake is 1,089 (33 x 33) times more powerful than a 7.0 — the energy ramps up fast.

Magnitude measures
Although figuring out an earthquake's power requires lots of complicated math and lots of data, magnitude boils down to three basic factors: area, distance and friction.

"It's about the physical properties of the fault," said Paul Earle, a seismologist with the U.S. Geological Survey.

To get the magnitude, Earle told OurAmazingPlanet, you multiply the area of the fault that slipped — how much real estate moved — by the distance it moved and by the amount of friction on the fault. Fiddling with any of those factors will change the magnitude.

Power limits
Yet some earthquakes are, by the mechanism that causes them, able to unleash far more power than others. All the most powerful earthquakes on record are so-called subduction earthquakes — the sort that happen where tectonic plates overlap.

And that's because they simply have more real estate at their disposal than earthquakes that happen in the middle of a continental plate, known as strike-slip earthquakes.

These earthquakes happen along faults that are, essentially, vertical — the San Andreas Fault is perhaps the most famous such fault in the United States.

The faults that produce strike-slip quakes plunge into the Earth's interior in a fairly straight line. That means they reach hotter, gooier geological territory — places where the rocks aren't rigid enough to make an earthquake — faster than the faults at subduction zones, which head into the Earth at an angle.

"If you go straight down, you get to the non-brittle zone faster than if you go at an angle," Earle said. And that means strike-slip faults just don't have as much area as the angled faults at subdcution zones, and thus can't produce quakes with quite as much punch.

Yet strike-slip quakes can still cause catastrophic damage. And scientists are hard at work on designing systems that will provide a few seconds of warning when an earthquake hits, no matter what the mechanism that caused it.

Predicting Earthquakes 
Predicting these events seems to be a fools errand, the world's best seismologist have studied, ground pressure, moon phase, sun spots, fluids in the ground, pressure buildup, magnetic charges and not one of them (at least yet) correlates to how, why and where earthquakes will happen.

Nothing can predict an earthquake better than the common toad (Bufo bufo) which can predict seismic activity almost five days in advance.  A 2010 study published in Journal of Zoology found that 96 percent of male toads in a population abandoned their breeding site five days before the earthquake that struck L'Aquila, Italy, in 2009, about 46 miles (74 kilometers) away. Researchers aren't quite sure how the toads do this, but it's believed that they can detect subtle signs, such as the release of gases and charged particles, that may occur before a quake [source: Science Daily]. 

So if earthquakes can't be predicted than the only option is to prepare! 

Earthquakes, How Big, Where, When, What to Expect
Thanks to Scientific America

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