Thursday, March 3, 2011

Where Did All This Technology Come From in the 1950s, 1960s

Technologies That Changed Our Lives

Here is a comprehensive list of technologies that emerged in the 1950s, and 1960s, some certainly had an evolutionary period, and some  crashed on the scene overnight, like the circuit board. We published this list once before, and some thought that we were attempting to diminish the achievements of mankind. That is not our intent at all. It is only to call attention to inventions that changed the lives of most people of the planet in an astounding twenty-year period of time.


THE LIST
Titanium, 1950
Sometimes called the "space age metal"
Titanium was discovered in 1791, but it was not until the early 1950s titanium began to be used extensively for military aviation purposes, particularly in high-performance jets, starting with aircraft such as the F100 Super Sabres and Lockheed A-12.
In the USA, the Department of Defense realized the strategic importance of the metal and supported early efforts of commercialization. Throughout the period of the Cold War, titanium was considered a Strategic Material by the U.S. government, and a large stockpile of titanium sponge was maintained by the Defense National Stockpile Center.

Bullet Proof Vest, 1951
Bullet proof vest have been around since WWII but they were not really understood or did much good until the early 1950s. During the Korean War several new vests were produced for the United States military, including the M-1951, which made use of fibre-reinforced plastic or aluminium segments woven into a nylon vest. These vests represented "a vast improvement on weight, but the armor failed to stop bullets and fragments very successfully," although officially they were claimed to be able to stop 7.62x25mm Tokarev pistol rounds at the muzzle. Developed by Natick Laboratories and introduced in 1967, T65-2 plate carriers were the first vests designed to hold hard ceramic plates, making them capable of stopping 7 mm rifle rounds

Transistor radio, 1953
Pottering around the garden to the sounds of the Ashes; lying back in the bath with The Archers on; blocking out the office din with a chart hit; all simple pleasures made possible by the transistor radio. Until their introduction, radios were bulky affairs hooked up to the mains, but that changed in the early 1950s when the transistor manufacturer Texas Instruments commissioned the Indianapolis firm IDEA to develop the Regency TR1, which cost almost $500 in today's money when it went on sale in 1954

Remote control, 1955
1955—TV REMOTE CONTROLIt marks the official end of humanity's struggle for survival and the beginning of its quest for a really relaxing afternoon. The wireless remote, designed by Zenith's Eugene Polley, is essentially a flashlight. When Zenith discovers that direct sunlight also can change channels on the remote-receptive TVs, the company comes out with a model that uses ultrasound; it lasts into the 1980s, to the chagrin of many a family dog. The industry then switches to infrared.

Pacemaker, 1956 
In 1956, Wilson Greatbatch grabs the wrong resistor and connects it to a device he is building to record heartbeats. When the circuit emits a pulse, he realizes the device can be used to control the beat; in 1960 the first PACEMAKER is successfully implanted in a human.

Laser Technology, 1958
1958/LASER BEAM Whitens teeth, removes tattoos, corrects vision, scans groceries, tracks missiles. Man has been trying to find a way to contain a laser beam technology magically arrives on the scene in the 1950s.

Fiber Optics 1958
Fiber optic has been around for a hundred years but it was not really until late 1958 that it was understood how it could be used for commercial and military purposes. Oddly enough the laser and fiber optics pretty much developed at the same time.


Microchip, 1958
It is impossible to sum up how much these tiny slivers of silicon and metal have transformed our lives. They feature in everything from toys to tanks and motorbikes to microwaves but when, in 1952, the engineer Geoffrey Dummer proposed using a block of silicon, whose layers would provide the components of electronic systems, nobody took him seriously and he never built a working prototype. Six years later, US engineer Jack Kilby took the baton and built the world's first monolithic integrated circuit, or microchip

Integrated Circuit, 1959
The first general-purpose computer, the nearly 30-ton ENIAC (1947), contains 18,000 vacuum tubes, 70,000 resistors and 10,000 capacitors. In 1959, the INTEGRATED CIRCUIT puts those innards on one tiny chip. Before the entire world is networked, there is the ARPANET—four computers linked in 1969.


Communication Satellites, 1960
In 1960 AT&T filed with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for permission to launch an experimental communications satellite with a view to rapidly implementing an operational system. The U.S. government reacted with surprise-- there was no policy in place to help execute the many decisions related to the AT&T proposal. By the middle of 1961, NASA had awarded a competitive contract to RCA to build a medium-orbit (4,000 miles high) active communication satellite (RELAY); AT&T was building its own medium-orbit satellite (TELSTAR) which NASA would launch on a cost-reimbursable basis; and NASA had awarded a sole- source contract to Hughes Aircraft Company to build a 24-hour (20,000 mile high) satellite (SYNCOM). The military program, ADVENT, was cancelled a year later due to complexity of the spacecraft, delay in launcher availability, and cost over-runs

Cordless Technology, 1961
In 1961 Black and Decker releases its first cordless drill, but designers could not coax more than 20 watts from its NiCd batteries. Instead, they strive for efficiency, modifying gear ratios and using better materials. The revolutionary result puts new power in the hands of DIYers and—thanks to a NASA contract—the gloves of astronauts.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, 1962
Widespread use of remotely piloted aircraft begins during the Vietnam War with deployment of 1000 AQM-34 Ryan Firebees. The first model of these 29-ft.-long planes was developed in just 90 days in 1962. AQM-34s go on to fly more than 34,000 surveillance missions. Their success leads to the eventual development of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles widely used today.

Night Vision Device 1963
First generation passive devices, introduced during the Vietnam War,  were an adaptation of earlier active GEN 0 technology, and rely on ambient light instead of an infrared light source. Using an S-20 photocathode, their image intensifiers produce a light amplifier 1000X but also require moonlight to operate.

Mouse, 1964
Early computers were the size of houses and sported a bewildering array of buttons and sliders. With the explosion in the amount of information pinging across screens around the world, a simple way to manage it all was required. The US radar technician Douglas Engelbart of the Stanford Research Institute took up the challenge and produced the first "X-Y position indicator" prototype in 1964. Its tail-like cable lead to the mouse moniker, and their population is expected to top a billion by the end of next year.

Charge-Coupled Device 1969
Bell Labs' George Smith and Willard Boyle invent a charge-coupled device (CCD) that can measure light arriving at a rate of just one photon per minute. Smith and Boyle's apparatus allows extremely faint images to be recorded, which is very useful in astronomy. Today, its most noticeable impact is in digital cameras, which rely on CCD arrays containing millions of pixels.



No matter how you slice it the 1950s and 60s were a time of great achievement by mankind. Some of the best minds in the world came up with integrated circuit boards, which laid the groundwork for the Internet. Communication satellites, which is like taking the communication frontier into hyperspace. Some things had been around for a hundred years or more, but we did not discover a practical use for them until the 1950s such as titanium and fiber optics. One of the more startling facts is that we had computers in 1947 that were as large as a house, in 12 short years later we had come up with the integrated circuit board! There was no evolution of the circuit board, one day it simply.... was!   The invention of or the practical use of lasers, fiber optics,  and the microchip were all put forward at the same time (1958). Transistors,  cordless technology, remote controls, pacemakers, unmanned aerial vehicles,  things were being put out there at such a rapid pace that it took years to get them into the mainstream.

These are not small things. These are things that changed the lives of most people of the planet. An entire host of laboratories sprung up at such a rapid pace that it made your head spin, to name a few, Bell labs, Westinghouse Labs, Zenith Corp, Hughes Aviation, Texas Instruments and not to mention major contributions by the Department of Defense. Have you ever given much thought about how these life-changing inventions all came about in a twenty-year period. Does it seem a bit odd that we knew about some things like optics, night-vision devices and titanium, but it was not until the 1950s that we discovered how to make them work?

Great efforts have been made to debunk the myth that many of these items have their Genesis in UFOs. That fact in itself speaks volumes. I have tried to list some of these great advances by mankind and to give you a chronological order as to when and how they appeared. I will leave your conclusions up to you but every things should be considered when thinking about this!!



A final thought-Energy
No matter where or how you research it, virtually everyone that is in the know tells us that clean, inexpensive renewable energy already exists. It will come from a zero point field which enables every home, business, factory and vehicle to have it's own power source, without an external fuel source. No need for oil, gas, coal, nuclear power or the internal combustion engine. No pollution. Period!


This is such a game changer that you can almost understand the reluctance to release this information. It would cause our infrastructure to dramatically change and it would be devastating to the current geo-political storefront, it could possibly cause war. The fortunes of thousands of companies would disappear over night. Virtually all the countries in The Middle East and all OPEC Nations would be devastated in one fell swoop!


To have a clean cheap or free source of energy would put all the people in the world on an equal footing immediately and I am not so sure that it is what some of those in power want! To unleash this technology on mankind would be devastating for some in the short run but liberating for all in the long run. The people that control this energy are also afraid of the huge backlash that is likely to happen when we find out that it has been available for a very long time!


All I can tell you is to pay attention to disclosure, it was happening in small increments but now it is coming in waves!
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